Chen Yu having fun at a show introducing "handshake qin na" to the audience. Screenshot from a master class on Chinese TV.
Thus, references below are to a few clips I came across that I do not consider to be time wasters, depending on what you are looking for. I shall not include material that already is listed in the section on Videos and now happens to have been posted on the internet. I also hope the streams below are in line with relevant copyright rules. (Kindly alert me to breaches you may have noticed, if any.) Anyway, from now on, while the others are playing games on their smartphones, I trust you will increasingly watch Chen style video clips while practicing your stance exercises when commuting or traveling, and as long as bandwidth and your smartphone bill permits...
|Year||Title and content||Min.||Lang.||Type|
|Year||Abbreviations: de ... German; en ... English; jp ... Japanese; lang. ... languages; min. ... total playing time in minutes; mp4 ... MPEG4 video; sub ... subtitles; zh ... Chinese.||Min.||Lang.||Type|
|***||(Mainly) Chen style taijiquan streams||***||***||***|
|2020||With the new coronavirus (Covid-19) circulating around the whole world, and efforts or talents and conditions for containing it unevenly distributed, the interest in exercises that enhance the strength of the lungs (as one organ strongly affected) and the immune system of the body as a whole have increased substantially. None of these exercises should be considered a tested treatment or a tested prophylactic. Therefore, if you feel that you have been infected, always seek medical assistance first. If you are interested, nevertheless, in a short Chen-style exercise session that is conceived for benefiting the lungs and that you can tuck in here and there if you have a few minutes to spare, you may like to take a look at the short yi fei gong (benefiting lungs exercise) (05/2020) assembled by Chen Xiaowang. It comprises essentially four (back, front, left, and right) basic exercises of opening and closing sequences that students of Chen-style may recognize from the barehand routines, combined to a simple set of 6 movements that can be managed by beginners, too. (It will help to have basic skills because beginners may not completely understand all of the principles that are applied in performing these movements just from watching. Still, these movements cannot really harm anyone, weak or strong, young or old, who enjoys normal health.) There is a link on the WeiXin (WeChat) platform which provides more legible written English and Chinese descriptions in case you want to have a closer look. Resolution of the video is 640 x 480. But do not forget, for your questions relating to the new coronavirus, best always check the continuously updated information offered by the World Health Organization (WHO) and your local health authorities. [top]||16||zh||mp4|
|20??||How about some free-of-charge master class or taijiquan shop talk? Given China is the origin of far eastern wu shu, it is much more common to have broadcasts related to martial arts, just as it is more common to encounter practicioners of martial arts in China's public parks than elsewhere in the world. Someone has posted what appears to be an edited sequence of such master class (01/2014) lessons from a programme called Meeting of Martial Arts Circles, presumably cutting all the trailers and commercials out of the sequence. You can watch Chen Xiaoxing, Chen Xiaowang, and Chen Yu demonstrating martial applications of Chen style taijiquan to a studio audience. (Do not try to copy this at home and with anyone who is inexperienced in martial arts. Careful dosage of force by the masters during these demonstrations has avoided any injuries.) Resolution is 640 x 480, size is 104 MB. [top]||19||zh||mp4|
|2011||For people who have no access to CCTV5, the Chinese sports channel which regularily also features martial arts, the following clip may be of interest. It features the final match (01/2014) in a taijiquan competition, at the Wulin meeting, where Wang Zhanjun was able to show off his skills. If you are still looking for evidence that taijiquan is a martial art, you will be able to use the stream to inform yourself and others. Other evidence you may take from this post is that while practice of the routine may be slow, application is extremely quick, and that taijiquan is not only for old people... For those who look a little closer, they would probably also find evidence to substantiate the notion that training kicks is not particularly effective for martial art purposes, and that remaining fully alert at all times may prevent you from going down in a split of a second "before" the sparring has even begun. Resolution is 640 x 480, size is 51 MB. [top]||8||zh||mp4|
|20??||Chen Xiaowang features on one of CCTV4's "Journey of Civilization" talk show sessions devoted to the wisdom of taiji (01/2014). The very pleasant atmosphere of the show makes it worthwhile to watch, no matter whether you are not at all knowledgeable about taijiquan or an advanced student. It also testifies to Chen Xiaowang's excellent teaching skills as he is able to draw on many parallels and real-life examples to illustrate his points to a studio audience, discussing the practice of zhan zhuang, the relationship between the first and second barehand routines, differences between taijiquan and other forms of exercise, the different forces made use of, the meaning of 4 ounces moving 1,000 pounds, the five levels of training achievement in taijiquan. Students of Chinese language will also be rewarded with a view on how to apply taijiquan principles to calligraphy. Resolution is 480 x 360, size is 142 MB, and there are English subtitles. [top]||43||zh||mp4|
|20??||There is another CCTV4 talk show featuring Chen Xiaowang which is called "Time Together Across the Straight", the session of which bears the title taiji legend (01/2014). I would consider this talk show to be the best practical primer any beginner could get on taijiquan from any video source. Chen Xiaowang explains the most basic principles of taijiquan practice (working your way from the dan tian to understanding the system of movement and continuosly seeking to discover and minimize your errors, steadily improving), answers questions from the audience, e,g, about breathing or differences with other physical exercises, and gives practical tips on including taijiquan practice in your everyday activities. He also corrects the postures of several taijiquan practitioners from the audience live on stage. (This is also what you would expect from any qualified Chen-style instructor.) You will also learn about Chen Xiaowang's training activities all over the world, his encounters with Tui Shou director Li An in Taiwan, his martial skills, as well as his valuable efforts to bring foreign students to Chenjiagou, the cradle of modern taijiquan. Resolution is 480 x 360, size is 137 MB, and there are English subtitles. [top]||45||zh||mp4|
|20??||How about another another example for the correction of postures? This short clip is taken from a CCTV9 program called "Martial Arts Today" (01/2014). Chen Xiaowang is back to Chanjiagou and explains the meaning of "all-sided support" (to Chen Zhiqiang and interested bystanders). Resolution is 320 x 240, size is 7 MB, and there are English subtitles. [top]||3||zh, en||mp4|
|20??||There is nothing like the real thing, but this comes pretty close. This short clip is taken from a CCTV9 program called Chenjiagou (01/2014). Chen Xiaowang is back to Chanjiagou and explains the meaning of "all-sided support" (to Chen Zhiqiang, Chen Xiaoxing and interested bystanders). Resolution is 512 x 288, frame rate is 23.8, and there are English subtitles. [top]||3||zh, en||mp4|
|200?||Zhu Tiancai, one of the current Chen style standard bearers, reiterates the importance of the basic circular flow of Chen style taijiquan practice and demonstrates it according to a few movements of the routine in a short video session (01/2014). If your instructor does not teach this, quickly change to a real Chen style instructor. Resolution is 320 x 240, size is 11 MB. [top]||5||zh||mp4|
|20??||Here's your answer to the question who is the best. Younger vs. older. Taller vs. shorter. Heavier vs. lighter. Pure muscle power vs. refined stance technique. The ultimate proof you have been waiting for, viz. that taijiquan is indeed the supreme martial art so you finally can relax with your practice and just wait for incompetents of other martial arts or combative sports who dare to challenge you... Or, as the more humble among us probably will think after watching this stream, all you need to do now is to practice several hours per day for five more decades in order to achieve the same level as Chen Xiaowang. Or, as the more scientifically minded among us will probably pray after watching, let us hope the cuts in the sequences are related to TV's abhorrence for stills -- and not merely a cheap way of covering up for any somewhat disappointing result. Be it as it may, Hunan province TV station's documentation of the challenge (01/2014) put to Chen Xiaowang by one of Asia's leading strongman competitors at least certifies that taijiquan is not about esoterics and that challenges across styles of martial art or disciplines of physical competition are legitimate and their outcome may be instructive as long as nobody cheats. Resolution is 320 x 240, size is 150 MB. I am not sure why the file contains the whole sequence twice -- net time is roughly 30 min. [top]||59||zh||mp4|
|2002||This clip is from a short friendly push hand sparring (01/2014) between Chen Xiaowang and Liao Bai, an instructor. Can you discern the winner? The minimum you should be able to take from this clip is that success in martial art does not depend on the clothes you wear. Resolution is 320 x 240, size is 6 MB. [top]||2||zh||mp4|
Chen Xiaowang accepting a pushing challenge by a strongman competitor. Would the challenger be able to push the grandmaster out of a predefined small ring area, during 3 rounds of 1 minute length each? Screenshots from Hunan TV, a popular Chinese TV channel.
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†潧杯敬慴敤楦敮汓瑯✨㤯㤵㌶㤵⼶剔彉敢潬彷㈷砸〹摟灦Ⱗ嬠㈷ⰸ㤠崰搧癩札瑰愭ⵤ㐱〵〲ㄴ㤵㈱ⴶ✲⸩摡卤牥楶散木潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⤩†朠潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⸩湥扡敬楓杮敬敒畱獥⡴㬩 †潧杯敬慴湥扡敬敓癲捩獥⤨素㬩㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸢ਠ昨湵瑣潩⡮獩⥖笊 †椠⡦℠獩⁖††††††敲畴湲††††慶摡杍‽敮⁷摁慍慮敧⡲㬩 †瘠牡氠捹獯灟潲彤敳⁴‽摡杍档潯敳牐摯捵却瑥⤨††慶汳瑯‽≛敬摡牥潢牡≤氢慥敤扲慯摲∲琢潯扬牡楟慭敧Ⱒ∠潴汯慢彲整瑸Ⱒ∠浳污扬硯Ⱒ∠潴彰牰浯≯昢潯整㉲Ⱒ∠汳摩牥崢††慶摡慃⁴‽桴獩氮捹獯慟彤慣整潧祲††摡杍敳䙴牯散偤牡浡✨慰敧Ⱗ⠠摡慃⁴☦愠䍤瑡搮潭⥺㼠愠䍤瑡搮潭⁺›洧浥敢❲㬩 †椠琨楨祬潣彳敳牡档煟敵祲††††††摡杍敳䙴牯散偤牡浡∨敫睹牯≤桴獩氮捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⥹††⁽ †攠獬晩愨䍤瑡☠…摡慃楦摮睟慨⥴ †笠 †††愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭欧祥潷摲Ⱗ愠䍤瑡昮湩彤桷瑡㬩 †素 †ਠ††潦瘨牡猠椠汳瑯⥳ †笠 †††瘠牡猠潬⁴‽汳瑯孳嵳††††晩⠠摡杍獩汓瑯癁楡慬汢⡥汳瑯⤩ †††笠 †††††琠楨祬潣彳摡獛潬嵴㴠愠䵤牧朮瑥汓瑯猨潬⥴†††††† †愠䵤牧爮湥敤䡲慥敤⡲㬩 †愠䵤牧爮湥敤䙲潯整⡲㬩紊⠨畦据楴湯⤨笠ਊ慶⁷‽ⰰ栠㴠〠業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬㴠㌠〰椊琨灯㴠‽敳晬††敲畴湲琠畲㭥紊椊琨灹潥⡦楷摮睯椮湮牥楗瑤⥨㴠‽渧浵敢❲⤠笊 †眠㴠眠湩潤湩敮坲摩桴††‽楷摮睯椮湮牥效杩瑨汥敳椠搨捯浵湥潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⁴☦⠠潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴簠⁼潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴††‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴紊攊獬晩⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯⁹☦⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯汣敩瑮楗瑤籼搠捯浵湥潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮戮摯汣敩瑮楗瑤㭨 †栠㴠搠捯浵湥潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴紊爊瑥牵⠨⁷‾業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬 ☦⠠‾業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬⤩⡽⤩⤩ਊਊ楷摮睯漮汮慯‽畦据楴湯⤨笊 †瘠牡映㴠搠捯浵湥敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉∨潆瑯牥摁⤢††慶‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥戢摯≹嬩崰††灡数摮桃汩⡤⥦††瑳汹楤灳慬⁹‽戢潬正㬢 †搠捯浵湥敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉✨祬潣䙳潯整䅲楤牆浡❥⸩牳‽⼧摡⽭摡是潯整䅲晩慲敭栮浴❬††ਊ †ਠ††⼯䐠䵏䤠橮䄠††昨湵瑣潩⡮獩牔汥楬⥸ †笠 †††瘠牡攠㴠搠捯浵湥牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††攠献祴敬戮牯敤‽〧㬧 †††攠献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††攠献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠✠汢捯❫††††瑳汹獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠楲桧❴††††瑳汹敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸††††瑳汹癯牥汦睯㴠✠楨摤湥㬧 †††攠献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠††††瑳汹楷瑤‽㌧〰硰㬧ਊ †††瘠牡椠䉳潬敫䉤䑹浯楡‽畦据楴湯 牨晥⤠ †††笠 †††††瘠牡戠潬正摥潄慭湩‽ਜ਼††††††††愢慮祮灡牯ㅮ〳〰琮楲潰潣≭ਬ††††††††砢硸潰湲硸牴灩摯挮浯ਢ††††††㭝 †††††瘠牡映慬‽慦獬㭥 †††††ਠ††††††潦⡲瘠牡椠〽※㱩汢捯敫䑤浯楡獮氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫⤠ †††††笠 †††††††椠⡦栠敲敳牡档 汢捯敫䑤浯楡獮⁛⁝ 㴾〠⤠ †††††††笠 †††††††††映慬‽牴敵††††††††††††††††††††敲畴湲映慬㭧 †††素ਊ††††慶敧䵴瑥䍡湯整瑮㴠映湵瑣潩⡮洠瑥乡浡††††††††††慶敭慴‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥洧瑥❡㬩 †††††映牯⠠㵩㬰椠洼瑥獡氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫††††††⁻ †††††††椠⡦洠瑥獡楛敧䅴瑴楲畢整∨慮敭⤢㴠‽敭慴慎敭⤠ †††††††笠ਠ††††††††††敲畴湲洠瑥獡楛敧䅴瑴楲畢整∨潣瑮湥≴㬩ਠ††††††††⁽ †††††素 †††††爠瑥牵慦獬㭥 †††素 †††ਠ††††慶敧䍴浯敭瑮潎敤‽畦据楴湯爨来硥慐瑴牥⥮ †††笠 †††††瘠牡渠摯獥㴠笠㭽 †††††瘠牡渠摯獥⁁‽嵛††††††慶牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳㴠嬠愧Ⱗ✠❣戧崧†††† †††††⠠畦据楴湯朠瑥潎敤味慨䡴癡䍥浯敭瑮⡳Ɱ瀠瑡整湲††††††††††††††晩⠠慨䍳楨摬潎敤⡳⤩ †††††††笠 †††††††††椠渨琮条慎敭㴠㴽✠䙉䅒䕍⤧ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††爠瑥牵慦獬㭥 †††††††††素 †††††††††映牯⠠慶‽㬰椠㰠渠挮楨摬潎敤敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††椠⠨档汩乤摯獥楛潮敤祔数㴠㴽㠠 ☦⠠慰瑴牥整瑳渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯噥污敵⤩††††††††††††††††††††††††††慶牡慥慎敭㴠瀠瑡整湲攮數⡣档汩乤摯獥楛潮敤慖畬⥥ㅛ㭝 †††††††††††††渠摯獥慛敲乡浡嵥㴠渠††††††††††††††††††††††††汥敳椠渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯呥灹㴽‽⤱ †††††††††††笠 †††††††††††††朠瑥潎敤味慨䡴癡䍥浯敭瑮⡳档汩乤摯獥楛ⱝ瀠瑡整湲㬩 †††††††††††素 †††††††††素 †††††††素 †††††素搨捯浵湥潢祤敲敧偸瑡整湲⤩ †††††映牯⠠慶湩瀠敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩⥴ †††††笠 †††††††椠渨摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⥝ †††††††笠 †††††††††椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝瀮牡湥乴摯慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯慰敲瑮潎敤⤠ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††渠摯獥⹁異桳渨摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⥥††††††††††††††††††††汥敳 †††††††††笠 †††††††††††渠摯獥⹁異桳 潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝⤠††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††敲畴湲渠摯獥㭁 †††素 †††ਠ†††† †††瘠牡瀠潲数乲摯‽畮汬††††慶牡慥潎敤‽敧䍴浯敭瑮潎敤⡳渠睥删来硅⡰✠慞敲祔数∽牡慥⡟屜⭷∩‧ 㬩ਊ††††潦瘨牡椠㴠〠※‼牡慥潎敤敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††笠 †††††瘠牡愠㴠瀠牡敳湉⡴敧䍴浯異整卤祴敬愨敲乡摯獥楛⥝眮摩桴㬩 †††††椠⠨㴾㌠〰 ☦⠠㴼㐠〰⤩ †††††笠 †††††††瀠潲数乲摯‽牡慥潎敤孳嵩††††††††牢慥㭫 †††††素 †††素ਊ †††瘠牡瀠潲数瑲乹浡‽敧䵴瑥䍡湯整瑮∨牰灯牥祴⤢簠⁼慦獬㭥 †††椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…瀨潲数乲摯⥥⤠ †††笠 †††††攠献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡瑨汭㬧 †††††瀠潲数乲摯湩敳瑲敂潦敲攨牰灯牥潎敤昮物瑳桃汩⥤††††††††汥敳椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…⠡瀠潲数乲摯 ⼯匠慬⁰桴摡攠敶瑮潨杵瑨琠敨敲椠潮愠潬慣整汳瑯 †††笠 †††††攠献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡瑨汭㬧 †††††攠献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽渧湯❥††††††慶摣癩㴠搠捯浵湥牣慥整汅浥湥⡴搧癩⤧††††††摣癩献祴敬㴠∠楷瑤㩨〳瀰㭸慭杲湩ㄺ瀰⁸畡潴∻††††††摣癩愮灰湥䍤楨摬 㬩 †††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩慬瑳桃汩⥤††††††††汥敳椠⡦℠獩求歯摥祂潄慭湩 潬慣楴湯栮敲 ††††††††††慶湩䙪㴠搠捯浵湥牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹潢摲牥㴠✠✰††††††湩䙪献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹楤灳慬⁹‽戧潬正㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠潮敮㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸††††††湩䙪献祴敬漮敶晲潬⁷‽栧摩敤❮††††††湩䙪献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠††††††湩䙪献祴敬眮摩桴㴠✠〳瀰❸††††††湩䙪献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡瑨汭㬧ਊ††††††晩 ☦⠠℠獩牔汥楬⁸籼⠠琠灹潥獩牔汥楬⁸㴽∠湵敤楦敮≤⤠⤠⤠⼠ 汁瑯敨牴灩摯瀠潲獰 †††††笠 †††††††瘠牡挠楤⁶‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨楤❶㬩 †††††††挠楤瑳汹‽眢摩桴㌺〰硰活牡楧㩮〱硰愠瑵㭯㬢 †††††††挠楤灡数摮桃汩⡤椠橮⁆㬩 †††††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩慬瑳桃汩⥤††††††⁽ †††素 素 潤畣敭瑮椮味敲汬硩⤠㬩紊ਊ⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊楤⁶摩∽扴损湯慴湩牥•瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤䐣䑆䍃㭆戠牯敤潢瑴浯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠㤳㤳㤳※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹㤹㤹椡灭牯慴瑮㸢㰊ⴡ昭牯慮敭∽敳牡档•湯畓浢瑩∽敲畴湲猠慥捲楨⡴∩椠㵤栧慥敤彲敳牡档‧ਾ椼灮瑵琠灹㵥琢硥≴瀠慬散潨摬牥∽敓牡档•楳敺㌽‰慮敭∽敳牡档∲瘠污敵∽㸢㰊湩異⁴祴数∽畢瑴湯•慶畬㵥䜢Ⅿ•湯汃捩㵫猢慥捲楨⡴∩ਾ⼼潦浲ਾ猼祴敬ਾ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档笠 †眠摩桴›ㄹ瀶㭸 †洠牡楧㩮〠愠瑵瀸㭸 †瀠獯瑩潩㩮爠汥瑡癩㭥紊ਊ昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲湩異⁴††敨杩瑨›〴硰††潦瑮猭穩㩥ㄠ瀴㭸 †氠湩ⵥ敨杩瑨›〴硰††慰摤湩㩧〠㠠硰††潢楳楺杮›潢摲牥戭硯††慢正牧畯摮›䘣䘴䔲㬹 †戠牯敤㩲ㄠ硰猠汯摩⌠䉂㡂㡂††牴湡楳楴湯›慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡ⵥ畯ⱴ †††††††挠汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡㭥紊ਊ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴⁝††楷瑤㩨ㄠ〰㬥紊昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵笠 †戠牯敤潣潬㩲⌠㉁い㐵††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›昣晦††潢桳摡睯›‰瀰⁸㈱硰ⴠ瀴⁸䄣䐲㔰㬴紊ਊਊ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戢瑵潴≮⁝††潰楳楴湯›扡潳畬整††潴㩰ㄠ硰††楲桧㩴ㄠ硰††灯捡瑩㩹ㄠ††慢正牧畯摮›䐣䑆䍃㭆 †挠汯牯›㐣㌶㌷㬴 †眠摩桴›㈱瀵㭸 †挠牵潳㩲瀠楯瑮牥††敨杩瑨›㠳硰††潢摲牥›潮敮潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧栺癯牥ਬ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮㩝潨敶††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›䄣䌵㕅㬶 †挠汯牯›昣晦潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧笠 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