What else you may find on this site, besides the Chinese characters below

  1. The home page, i.e. the entry to my Chen style taijiquan notepad
  2. Some web sources on Chen style taijiquan that you may find, or not, worthwhile
  3. Information on a few videos and streams on Chen style taijiquan
  4. Information on printed matter relating to Chen style taijiquan
  5. A beginner's glossary for quick reference on Chen style taijiquan
  6. Something on conduct and ethics of the Chen family
  7. A reference chart on Chen style lineage in case you are looking for teachers
  8. Thank you for visiting my page
  9. A disclaimer so you won't sue me when you break a leg

"Huibian" is the Chinese term for "glossary". The first character is pronounced on the fourth, the second character on the first tone in standard Chinese pronounciation (putonghua).

Chinese characters for quick reference on Chen style taijiquan

This is a list of Chinese characters which occur in Chen style taijiquan. It contains mainly such characters which bear relation to the transcriptions of this site. I have added this page because phonetic pinyin transcription, as other roman transcriptions for Chinese, is not biunique. Hence, visitors who come across this site and do speak Chinese may feel confused what Chinese character is actually meant. For example, while "break" and "brake" sound identical in English, their meaning is different. In the same way, the identical pronounciation of "quan" (in the second tone) could stand for "boxing", "spring" (source of water), "coil up" (as a snake), "wheel without spokes", and many more terms, depending on the Chinese character used.

In order to be able to see the Chinese characters you need to adjust your browser's settings so as to enable the character code set of the People's Republic of China (GB). If this (alone) does not work, as a recent visitor wrote, you may need to still install the Chinese character set for Windows (if you are a Windows user) that usually comes with all the other language sets that are provided, but often is not automatically installed if Chinese is not your working language because these sets take up a lot of disk space. [I am not sure what holds for other operating systems. If anyone knows, please advise so I can share the information.] Do not forget to change the language settings if you return to other sites which do not display Chinese because codes may conflict with one another.

If I can find and succeed to type them all, this page will show you the Chinese characters for all of the terms on the glossary page, and possibly a few additional characters for names or expressions related to other pages than the glossary. Also, original Chinese titles mentioned on the pages about videos and printed matter are placed at the end of this page in case you want to seek them out. Any corrections and comments are welcome. Please send your message to 魏尔曼 (Christoph David Weinmann).

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Chinese characters for Chen style taijiquan (no movements)

Bai hui:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries. Maybe the term is too technical. However, I have found it on several (and copied it from) Chinese websites.
Chan si gong:
Chang qiang:
Chen style:
Chunqiu da dao:
Da lv:
plus the character for lv below.
Da zhui:
Dan dao:
Dan jian:
Dao yin:
Ding bu:
Er lu:
Fa jin:
Feng shi:
Gang rou xiang ji:
Gong fu:
Hao style:
He bu:
Hua jiao bu:
Hu lei jia:
Huan tiao:
Hui yin:
Huo bu:
Ji ben gong fu:
Jian jing:
Jing luo:
Lao gong:
Lao jia:
Lao jia er lu:
Lao jia yi lu:
Li style:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries. Maybe the term is too technical. However, I have found it on several (and copied it from) Chinese websites.
Ling tai:
Luan cai hua:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries or, as a matter of fact, on any Chinese taijiquan sites I ran into thus far. (It usually is substituted with the character meaning "smoothing out with fingers" or "stroke"). Maybe the term is too technical. It is an eighteen-stroke character. The left side consists of (shou, as a radical) and the right side consists of (lv).
Ming men:
Nei gong:
Qi hai:
Qin na:
Pao chui:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries. Maybe the term is too technical. However, I have found it on several (and copied it from) Chinese websites.
Qi chong:
Qi men:
Qing gong:
Qv chi:
San shou:
Shan zhong:
Shuang dao:
Shun bu:
Sun style:
孙式 (孙禄堂)
Tai ji bu fa:
Tai ji chan si jing:
Tai ji dou jing:
Tai ji qi xie gong:
Tai ji qiang:
Tai ji quan tui shou:
Tai ji shi san gan:
Tie shan zhang:
Tu na:
Wan hua:
Wei zhong:
Wu shu:
Wu style (1):
武式 (武禹襄)
Wu style (2):
吴式 (吴鉴泉)
Xiao jia:
Xin jia:
Xin jia er lu:
Xin jia yi lu:
Xun jin kou xue:
Yang ling quan:
Yang sheng gong:
Yang style:
杨式 (杨露禅)
Yi lu:
Yong quan:
Yv zhen:
Zhan zhuang gong fu:
Zhang men:
Zhao fa:
Zhong fu:
From Laozi's (or Lao Dan's) ,Dao De Jing:

"Chen shi" (second tone, fourth tone) stands for "Chen style" in Chinese, here with the denotation of "family" and "clan" or "school". There is another character for "style" with identical pronounciation (noted in the section above), widely used, that contains the denotation of "standard", "model", or "pattern". In practice, both characters for "shi" are used almost interchangeably when reference is made to a taijiquan style. Note also that Chinese characters have been simplified in China. This even goes for family names such as the character of the Chen family. Therefore, you will find a slightly different character for "Chen" (Cf. the image below.) in older printings, or in printings from Hongkong or Taiwan which still use traditional characters.

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Chinese characters for Chen style taijiquan movements

Note: This section is arranged in same order as the glossary page. Here too, the numbers in the brackets indicate the movement number in the respective routine.

Ao bu:
拗步 [老架一路: 10, 13, 32]
Bai e liang chi:
白鹅亮翅 [老架一路: 7, 21, 57]
Bai he liang chi:
白鹤亮翅 [老架一路: 7, 21, 57]
Bai she tu xin:
白蛇吐信 [单刀: 21. 单剑: 22, 28, 36]
Bai yvan xian guo:
白猿献果 [单剑: 41]
Bai yvn gai ding:
白云盖顶 [单刀: 5]
Bao tou tui shan:
抱头推山 [老架一路: 40]
Bi men shi:
闭门式 [单剑: 6]
Bi shen chui:
庇身捶 [老架一路: 16. 老架二路: 9]
Bo cao xvn she:
拨草寻蛇 [单剑: 13]
Bo yun wang ri:
拨云望日 [单刀: 12]
Chao tian deng:
朝天镫 [老架一路: 55. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.360]
Chao yang jian:
朝阳剑 [单剑: 2]
Chu shou:
初收 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.194]
Da gong quan xiao gong quan:
大肱拳小肱拳 [老架二路: 15]
Dan bian:
单鞭 [老架一路: 5, 26, 42, 47, 51, 62, 68. 老架二路: 5]
Dan dao qi shi:
单刀起式 [单刀: 1]
Dang tou pao:
当头炮 [老架一路: 73]
Dao juan gong:
倒卷肱 [老架一路: 20, 56]
Dao juan hong:
倒卷红 [老架一路: 20, 56. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.229]
Dao qi long:
倒骑龙 [老架二路: 17]
Dao zhuan gong:
倒转肱 [单剑: 20]
Dian tou:
点头 [单剑: 12]
Die cha:
跌岔 [老架一路: 54]
Dao cha dao cha:
捣叉捣叉 [老架二路: 34]
E hu pu shi:
饿虎扑食 [单剑: 18]
Er qi:
二起 [老架一路: 34. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.273]
Feng huang dian tou:
凤凰点头 [单剑: 34]
Feng juan can hua:
风卷残花 [单刀: 4, 16]
Fan hua wun xiou:
翻花舞袖 [老架二路: 12, 22]
Fan shen xia pi jian:
翻身下劈剑 [单剑: 8]
Fu hu:
伏虎 [老架二路: 24]
Gai lan shi:
盖拦式 [单剑: 16]
Gao tan ma:
高探马 [老架一路: 28, 64]
Gu shu pan gen:
古树盘根 [单剑: 17]
Guai mang fan shen:
怪蟒翻身 [单剑: 46]
Guo bian guo bian:
裹鞭裹鞭 [老架二路: 19]
Hai di lao yve:
海底捞月 [单剑: 33]
Hei hu sou shan:
黑虎搜山 [单刀: 6]
Hei xiong fan shen:
黑熊翻身 [单剑: 26]
Hou zhao:
后招 [老架一路: 44]
Hou zhao:
后昭 [老架一路: 44. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.310]
Hu xi jian:
护膝剑 [单剑: 5]
Hu xin dao:
护心刀 [单刀: 2]
Hu xin quan:
护心拳 [老架一路: 35. 老架二路: 6]
Huai zhong bao yue:
怀中抱月 [单刀: 22]
Huang long san jiao shui:
黄龙三搅水 [老架二路: 26]
Hui tou dang men pao:
回头当门炮 [老架二路: 36]
Hui tou jin gang dao dui:
回头金刚捣碓 [老架二路: 8]
Hui tou jing lan zhi ru:
回头井拦直入 [老架二路: 41]
Ji di chui:
击地捶 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.267]
Jin gang dao dui:
金刚捣碓 [老架一路: 2, 6, 15, 74. 老架二路: 2, 42]
Jin ji du li:
金鸡独立 [老架一路: 55. 单刀: 8. 单剑: 14]
Lan ca yi:
揽擦衣 [老架一路: 3, 49. 老架二路: 3]
Lan zha yi:
懒扎衣 [老架一路: 3, 49. 老架二路: 3]
Liu feng si bi:
六封四闭 [老架一路: 4, 25, 41, 46, 50, 61. 老架二路: 4]
Lou xi:
搂膝 [老架一路: 9, 12]
Luo han jiang long:
罗汉降龙 [单剑: 25]
Luo hua shi:
落花式 [单剑: 42]
Mo mei gong:
抹眉肱 [老架二路: 25]
Mo pan jian:
磨盘剑 [单剑: 48]
Na zha tan hai:
哪吒探海 [单剑: 45]
Pi jia zi:
披架子 [老架二路: 21]
Pi shen chui mo wei xiang xia da zhi dang chui:
披身捶末尾向下打指裆捶 [老架一路: 17. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.223]
Pie shen chui (quan):
撇身捶 [老架一路: 16. 老架二路: 9]
Pu di ji:
铺地鸡 [老架一路: 69. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.405]
Pu di jin:
铺地锦 [老架一路: 69. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.405]
Qian zhao:
前招 [老架一路: 43]
Qian zhao:
前昭 [老架一路: 43. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.306]
Qing long bai wei:
青龙摆尾 [单剑: 19]
Qing long chu shui:
青龙出水 [老架一路: 17. 单刀: 3, 15. 单剑: 4, 7]
Qing long zhuan shen:
青龙转身 [单剑: 9]
Quan pao chui:
全炮捶 [老架二路: 32]
Que di long:
雀地龙 [老架一路: 69]
Ri tao san huan:
日套三环 [单刀: 11]
Sao tang tui:
扫膛腿 [老架二路: 30]
Shan tong bei:
闪通背 [老架一路: 23, 59]
Shang xia xie ci:
上下斜刺 [单剑: 43]
Shang bu (ba) qi xing:
上步七星 [老架一路: 70]
Shang bu qi xing mo wei jin gang dao dui:
上步七星末尾金刚捣碓 [老架一路: 70. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.409]
Shang san bu:
上三步 [老架一路: 10, 13, 32]
Shen xian yi ba zhua:
神仙一把抓 [老架一路: 33]
Shi zi jiao:
十字脚 [老架一路: 65]
Shou shi:
收势 [老架一路: 75. 老架二路: 43. 单刀: (23)]
Shou tou shi:
兽头式 [老架二路: 20]
Shuang bai lian:
双摆莲 [老架一路: 53, 72]
Shuang tui shou:
双推手 [老架一路: 18]
Shun lan zhou:
顺拦肘 [老架二路: 39]
Su qin bei jian:
苏秦背剑 [单刀: 7]
Tai ji huan yvan:
太极还原 [单剑: 49]
Tai ji dan jian chu shi:
太极单剑初式 [单剑: 1]
Ti er qi:
踢二起 [老架一路: 34]
Wei tuo xian chu:
韦驼献杵 [单剑: 47]
Wo di da zhuo pao:
窝底大捉炮 [老架二路: 37]
Wo di pao:
窝底炮 [老架二路: 40]
Wu long bai wei:
乌龙摆尾 [单剑: 23]
Xia bu kua gong:
下步跨肱 [老架一路: 71]
Xia bu kua hu:
下步跨虎 [老架一路: 71. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.411]
Xia yvn shou:
下云手 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.380]
Xian ren zhi lu:
仙人指路 [单剑: 3, 15]
Xiao qin da:
小擒打 [老架一路: 39]
Xiao qin na:
小擒拿 [老架一路: 39. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.292]
Xie fei shi:
斜飞式 [单剑: 10, 29, 37, 44]
Xie xing:
斜行 [老架一路: 8, 11, 22, 58. 老架二路: 7]
Xuan feng jiao:
旋风脚 [老架一路: 36]
Yan bie jin shi:
燕别金翅 [单刀: 17]
Yan shou chui:
演手捶 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.244]
Yan shou gong quan:
演手肱拳 [老架一路: 14, 24, 38, 60. 老架二路: 13, 18, 23, 29, 31, 33. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.211]
Yan shou gong quan:
掩手肱拳 [老架一路: 14, 24, 38, 60. 老架二路: 13, 18, 23, 29, 31, 33]
Yan zi zhuo ni:
燕子啄泥 [单剑: 27, 31, 35, 40]
Yao lan zhou:
腰拦肘 [老架二路: 14, 38]
Yao zhan bai she:
腰斩白蛇 [单刀: 10]
Ye cha tan hai:
夜叉探海 [单刀: 18]
Ye ma fen zong:
野马分鬃 [老架一路: 45]
Ye ma tiao jian:
野马跳涧 [单剑: 21]
Yi tang she:
一堂蛇 [老架一路: 54. 陈鑫(1933/2006): p.237]
Ying feng gun bi:
迎锋滚闭 [单刀: 9]
Ying xiong dou zhi:
鹰熊斗智 [单剑: 30]
You bo cao xun she:
右拨草寻蛇 [单刀: 14]
You ca jiao:
右擦脚 [老架一路: 29]
You chong:
右冲 [老架二路: 28]
You deng yi gen:
右蹬一根 [老架一路: 37]
You fan shen kan:
右翻身砍 [单刀: 20]
You tuo qian jin:
右托千斤 [单剑: 39]
Yv bei shi:
预备势 [老架一路: 1. 老架二路: 1]
Yv nv chuan suo:
玉女穿梭 [老架一路: 48. 老架二路: 16]
Yuan hou xian (tan) guo:
猿猴探果 [老架一路: 67]
Yvn shou:
运手 [老架一路: 27, 52, 63.]
Zai shou:
再收 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.205]
Zhai xing huan dao:
摘星换斗 [单剑: 32]
Zhan chi:
展翅 [单剑: 11]
Zhan shou:
斩手 [老架二路: 11]
Zhi dang:
指裆 [老架二路: 10]
Zhi dang chui:
指档捶 [老架一路: 66]
Zhong kui zhang jian:
钟馗仗剑 [单剑: 24]
Zhou di kan quan:
肘底看拳 [老架一路: 19]
Zhuan shen bai jiao:
转身摆脚 [老架一路: 72. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.418]
Zuo bo cao xun she:
左拨草寻蛇 [单刀: 13]
Zuo ca jiao:
左擦脚 [老架一路: 30]
Zuo chong:
左冲 [老架二路: 27]
Zuo fan shen kan:
左翻身砍 [单刀: 19]
Zuo deng yi gen:
左蹬一根 [老架一路: 31]
Zuo er gong you er gong:
左二肱右二肱 [老架二路: 35]
Zuo tuo qian jin:
左托千斤 [单剑: 38]

This is Chen Xiaowang's DVD case for the Chen style spear routine. Not all videos and materials on this website are available in English or with English subtitles. If you wish to obtain them, often a pinyin transcription is not sufficient and you may need to revert to the Chinese characters.

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Chinese characters for Chinese titles (videos and materials)

Chen Fake Taijiquan Jiji Jiangtang
Chen Shi Lao Jia
Chen Shi Taijiquan
Chen Shi Taijiquan Taiji Dan Dao
Chen Shi Taijiquan Gongfu Huicui
Chen Shi Taijiquan Jingsai Taolu
Chen Shi Taijiquan Lao Jia
Chen Shi Taijiquan Quanfa Quanli
Chen Shi Taijiquan Quanfa Yu Jingmai Yunxing
Chen Shi Taijiquan Quanshu
Chen Shi Taijiquan Shu
Chen Shi Taijiquan Tushuo
Chen Shi Taiji Nvzi Fangshen Miji
Chen Shi Taiji Quanxie Hui Zong
Chen Shi Taiji Sanshou Yu Qinna, Zhi Di Juezhao
Pao Chui: Chen Shi Taijiquan Di Er Lu
Quanxie Xinshang
Shichuan Chen Shi Taijiquan
Xie Taolu Xinshang
Zhongguo Chen Shi Taiji

This picture displays the blade of a long-hilted Lord Guan broadsword (Guan dao,), also called Spring-Autumn broadsword. Guan Yu (160-219 AD, also: Guan Gong, or Guan Di) is a legendary general who lived during China's period of the Three Kingdoms and who is frequently portrayed as a master of this weapon. Mastering the Guan Dao requires considerable strength and therefore, as opposed to the lighter weapons as the sabre or the straight sword, is a weapon for fairly advanced students. As it is a long weapon, students would also first try to master the rod (gun) or the spear (qiang) before they move on to this heavy weapon. See also Ancient Chinese Weapons by Yang Jwing-Ming (Yang Junmin) for more on traditional weapons.

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Copyright (All Rights Reserved) 1998-2023 by Christoph David Weinmann.

੻慶⁲瑳牡⁴‽畦汬氮獡䥴摮硥晏猨瑩⥥਻晩⠠瑳牡⁴㴽ⴠ⤱爠瑥牵慦獬㭥猊慴瑲㴠映汵⹬慬瑳湉敤佸⡦影慰慲⥭਻晩⠠瑳牡⁴㴽ⴠ⤱爠瑥牵慦獬㭥猊慴瑲⬠‽影慰慲⹭敬杮桴਻慶⁲湥⁤‽畦汬椮摮硥晏✨✦‬瑳牡⥴਻晩⠠湥⁤㴽ⴠ⤱攠摮㴠映汵⹬敬杮桴਻敲畴湲甠敮捳灡⡥畦汬献扵瑳楲杮猨慴瑲‬湥⥤⸩灳楬⡴•⤢樮楯⡮⬢⤢਻੽畦据楴湯朠湥牥瑡䡥敲⡦瑡条‬整灭慬整笩愊慴⹧牨晥琽浥汰瑡⹥敲汰捡⡥弧奍剕彌Ⱗ眠湩潤⹷潬慣楴湯栮敲⹦敲汰捡⡥栧瑴㩰⼯Ⱗ✠⤧⸩敲汰捡⡥弧奍䥔䱔彅Ⱗ䌧敨正㈥漰瑵㈥琰楨╳〲牔灩摯㈥䴰浥敢╲〲楳整✡㬩ਠ੽慶⁲祬潣彳摡㴠䄠牲祡⤨਻慶⁲祬潣彳湯潬摡瑟浩牥਻慶⁲浣牟汯⁥‽氢癩≥਻慶⁲浣桟獯⁴‽琢楲潰⹤祬潣⹳潣≭਻慶⁲浣瑟硡摩㴠∠洯浥敢敲扭摥敤≤਻慶⁲牴灩摯浟浥敢彲慮敭㴠∠摣敷湩慭湮㬢瘊牡琠楲潰彤敭扭牥灟条⁥‽挢睤楥浮湡⽮档湩獥⹥瑨≭਻慶⁲牴灩摯牟瑡湩獧桟獡⁨‽ㄢ〷ㄲ㔸㔸㨵愵戹㜱㙣㐳㍣挴攸㐰㐸ㄸㅣ㘳㍡慤㠶㬢ਊ慶⁲祬潣彳摡损瑡来牯⁹‽≻浤穯㨢猢潰瑲屳洯牡楴污慟瑲≳∬湯慴杲瑥㨢☢䅃㵔灳牯獴㈥愰摮㈥爰捥敲瑡潩≮∬楦摮睟慨≴∺桃⁩慍档湩≥㭽ਊ慶⁲祬潣彳摡牟浥瑯彥摡牤㴠∠〲⸹〲⸲㐲⸴∹਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⁲‽眢睷琮楲潰⹤祬潣⹳潣≭਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡瑟慲正獟慭汬㴠∠㬢瘊牡氠捹獯慟彤牴捡彫敳癲摥㴠∠㬢瘊牡氠捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⁹‽敧兴敵祲⤨਻⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰•牳㵣栢瑴獰⼺猯牣灩獴氮捹獯挮浯振瑡慭⽮湩瑩樮≳㰾猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数✽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩❴ਾ瘠牡朠潯汧瑥条㴠朠潯汧瑥条簠⁼絻਻朠潯汧瑥条挮摭㴠朠潯汧瑥条挮摭簠⁼嵛਻⠠畦据楴湯⤨笠 †慶⁲慧獤㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴猧牣灩❴㬩 †慧獤愮祳据㴠琠畲㭥 †慧獤琮灹⁥‽琧硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㬧 †慶⁲獵卥䱓㴠✠瑨灴㩳‧㴽搠捯浵湥⹴潬慣楴湯瀮潲潴潣㭬 †慧獤献捲㴠⠠獵卥䱓㼠✠瑨灴㩳‧›栧瑴㩰⤧⬠ ††⼧眯睷朮潯汧瑥条敳癲捩獥挮浯琯条樯⽳灧⹴獪㬧 †慶⁲潮敤㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭✨捳楲瑰⤧せ㭝 †潮敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥湩敳瑲敂潦敲木摡ⱳ渠摯⥥਻素⠩㬩㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数✽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩❴ਾ朠潯汧瑥条挮摭瀮獵⡨畦据楴湯⤨笠 †潧杯敬慴⹧敤楦敮汓瑯✨㤯㤵㌶㤵⼶剔彉〳堰㔲弰晤❰‬㍛〰‬㔲崰‬搧癩札瑰愭ⵤ㐱〵〲ㄴ㤵㈱ⴶ✰⸩摡卤牥楶散木潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⤩਻†朠潯汧瑥条搮晥湩卥潬⡴⼧㔹㘹㔳㘹启䥒慟潢敶㝟㠲㥸弰晤❰‬㝛㠲‬〹ⱝ✠楤⵶灧⵴摡ㄭ㔴㈰㐰㔱ㄹ㘲ㄭ⤧愮摤敓癲捩⡥潧杯敬慴⹧異慢獤⤨㬩 †潧杯敬慴⹧敤楦敮汓瑯✨㤯㤵㌶㤵⼶剔彉敢潬彷㈷砸〹摟灦Ⱗ嬠㈷ⰸ㤠崰‬搧癩札瑰愭ⵤ㐱〵〲ㄴ㤵㈱ⴶ✲⸩摡卤牥楶散木潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⤩਻†朠潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⸩湥扡敬楓杮敬敒畱獥⡴㬩 †潧杯敬慴⹧湥扡敬敓癲捩獥⤨਻素㬩㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸢ਠ昨湵瑣潩⡮獩⥖笊 †椠⡦℠獩⁖਩††੻††††敲畴湲਻††੽††慶⁲摡杍⁲‽敮⁷摁慍慮敧⡲㬩 †瘠牡氠捹獯灟潲彤敳⁴‽摡杍⹲档潯敳牐摯捵却瑥⤨਻††慶⁲汳瑯⁳‽≛敬摡牥潢牡≤‬氢慥敤扲慯摲∲‬琢潯扬牡楟慭敧Ⱒ∠潴汯慢彲整瑸Ⱒ∠浳污扬硯Ⱒ∠潴彰牰浯≯‬昢潯整㉲Ⱒ∠汳摩牥崢਻††慶⁲摡慃⁴‽桴獩氮捹獯慟彤慣整潧祲਻††摡杍⹲敳䙴牯散偤牡浡✨慰敧Ⱗ⠠摡慃⁴☦愠䍤瑡搮潭⥺㼠愠䍤瑡搮潭⁺›洧浥敢❲㬩 †椠⁦琨楨⹳祬潣彳敳牡档煟敵祲਩††੻††††摡杍⹲敳䙴牯散偤牡浡∨敫睹牯≤‬桴獩氮捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⥹਻††⁽ †攠獬⁥晩愨䍤瑡☠…摡慃⹴楦摮睟慨⥴ †笠 †††愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭欧祥潷摲Ⱗ愠䍤瑡昮湩彤桷瑡㬩 †素 †ਠ††潦⁲瘨牡猠椠汳瑯⥳ †笠 †††瘠牡猠潬⁴‽汳瑯孳嵳਻††††晩⠠摡杍⹲獩汓瑯癁楡慬汢⡥汳瑯⤩ †††笠 †††††琠楨⹳祬潣彳摡獛潬嵴㴠愠䵤牧朮瑥汓瑯猨潬⥴਻††††੽††੽ †愠䵤牧爮湥敤䡲慥敤⡲㬩 †愠䵤牧爮湥敤䙲潯整⡲㬩紊⠨畦据楴湯⤨笠ਊ慶⁲⁷‽ⰰ栠㴠〠‬業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬㴠㌠〰਻椊⁦琨灯㴠‽敳晬਩੻††敲畴湲琠畲㭥紊椊⁦琨灹潥⡦楷摮睯椮湮牥楗瑤⥨㴠‽渧浵敢❲⤠笊 †眠㴠眠湩潤⹷湩敮坲摩桴਻††⁨‽楷摮睯椮湮牥效杩瑨਻੽汥敳椠⁦搨捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⁴☦⠠潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴簠⁼潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴਩੻††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥坴摩桴਻††⁨‽潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴紊攊獬⁥晩⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯⁹☦⠠潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮楗瑤⁨籼搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧⥴਩੻††⁷‽潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮楗瑤㭨 †栠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥䡴楥桧㭴紊爊瑥牵⠨⁷‾業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬
☦⠠⁨‾業楮畭呭牨獥潨摬⤩਻⡽⤩⤩਻ਊਊ楷摮睯漮汮慯⁤‽畦据楴湯⤨笊 †瘠牡映㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉∨潆瑯牥摁⤢਻††慶⁲⁢‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥戢摯≹嬩崰਻††⹢灡数摮桃汩⡤⥦਻††⹦瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戢潬正㬢 †搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮祂摉✨祬潣䙳潯整䅲楤牆浡❥⸩牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡是潯整䅲⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻††ਊ †ਠ††⼯䐠䵏䤠橮䄠੤††昨湵瑣潩⡮獩牔汥楬⥸ †笠 †††瘠牡攠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††攠献祴敬戮牯敤⁲‽〧㬧 †††攠献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††攠献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠✠汢捯❫਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠楲桧❴਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥癯牥汦睯㴠✠楨摤湥㬧 †††攠献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥楷瑤⁨‽㌧〰硰㬧ਊ †††瘠牡椠䉳潬敫䉤䑹浯楡‽畦据楴湯
牨晥⤠ †††笠 †††††瘠牡戠潬正摥潄慭湩⁳‽ਜ਼††††††††愢慮祮灡牯ㅮ〳〰琮楲潰⹤潣≭ਬ††††††††砢硸潰湲硸⹸牴灩摯挮浯ਢ††††††㭝 †††††瘠牡映慬⁧‽慦獬㭥 †††††ਠ††††††潦⡲瘠牡椠〽※㱩汢捯敫䑤浯楡獮氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫⤠ †††††笠 †††††††椠⡦栠敲⹦敳牡档
㴾〠⤠ †††††††笠 †††††††††映慬⁧‽牴敵਻††††††††੽††††††੽††††††敲畴湲映慬㭧 †††素ਊ††††慶⁲敧䵴瑥䍡湯整瑮㴠映湵瑣潩⡮洠瑥乡浡⁥਩††††੻††††††慶⁲敭慴⁳‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥洧瑥❡㬩 †††††映牯⠠㵩㬰椠洼瑥獡氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫਩††††††⁻ †††††††椠⡦洠瑥獡楛⹝敧䅴瑴楲畢整∨慮敭⤢㴠‽敭慴慎敭⤠ †††††††笠ਠ††††††††††敲畴湲洠瑥獡楛⹝敧䅴瑴楲畢整∨潣瑮湥≴㬩ਠ††††††††⁽ †††††素 †††††爠瑥牵慦獬㭥 †††素 †††ਠ††††慶⁲敧䍴浯敭瑮潎敤⁳‽畦据楴湯爨来硥慐瑴牥⥮ †††笠 †††††瘠牡渠摯獥㴠笠㭽 †††††瘠牡渠摯獥⁁‽嵛਻††††††慶⁲牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳㴠嬠愧Ⱗ✠❣‬戧崧਻†††† †††††⠠畦据楴湯朠瑥潎敤味慨䡴癡䍥浯敭瑮⡳Ɱ瀠瑡整湲਩††††††੻††††††††晩⠠⹮慨䍳楨摬潎敤⡳⤩ †††††††笠 †††††††††椠⁦渨琮条慎敭㴠㴽✠䙉䅒䕍⤧ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††爠瑥牵慦獬㭥 †††††††††素 †††††††††映牯⠠慶⁲⁩‽㬰椠㰠渠挮楨摬潎敤⹳敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††椠⁦⠨⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤祔数㴠㴽㠠
☦⠠慰瑴牥⹮整瑳渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯噥污敵⤩਩††††††††††††੻††††††††††††††慶⁲牡慥慎敭㴠瀠瑡整湲攮數⡣⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤慖畬⥥ㅛ㭝 †††††††††††††渠摯獥慛敲乡浡嵥㴠渠਻††††††††††††੽††††††††††††汥敳椠⁦渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯呥灹⁥㴽‽⤱ †††††††††††笠 †††††††††††††朠瑥潎敤味慨䡴癡䍥浯敭瑮⡳⹮档汩乤摯獥楛ⱝ瀠瑡整湲㬩 †††††††††††素 †††††††††素 †††††††素 †††††素搨捯浵湥⹴潢祤‬敲敧偸瑡整湲⤩਻ †††††映牯⠠慶⁲⁩湩瀠敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩⥴ †††††笠 †††††††椠⁦渨摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⥝ †††††††笠 †††††††††椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤⤠ †††††††††笠 †††††††††††渠摯獥⹁異桳渨摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⹝慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⥥਻††††††††††੽††††††††††汥敳 †††††††††笠 †††††††††††渠摯獥⹁異桳
潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝⤠਻††††††††††੽††††††††੽††††††੽††††††敲畴湲渠摯獥㭁 †††素 †††ਠ†††† †††瘠牡瀠潲数乲摯⁥‽畮汬਻††††慶⁲牡慥潎敤⁳‽敧䍴浯敭瑮潎敤⡳渠睥删来硅⡰✠慞敲⁡祔数∽牡慥⡟屜⭷∩‧
㬩ਊ††††潦⁲瘨牡椠㴠〠※⁩‼牡慥潎敤⹳敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††笠 †††††瘠牡愠㴠瀠牡敳湉⡴敧䍴浯異整卤祴敬愨敲乡摯獥楛⥝眮摩桴㬩 †††††椠⁦⠨⁡㴾㌠〰
☦⠠⁡㴼㐠〰⤩ †††††笠 †††††††瀠潲数乲摯⁥‽牡慥潎敤孳嵩਻††††††††牢慥㭫 †††††素 †††素ਊ †††瘠牡瀠潲数瑲乹浡⁥‽敧䵴瑥䍡湯整瑮∨牰灯牥祴⤢簠⁼慦獬㭥 †††椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…瀨潲数乲摯⥥⤠ †††笠 †††††攠献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧 †††††瀠潲数乲摯⹥湩敳瑲敂潦敲攨‬牰灯牥潎敤昮物瑳桃汩⥤਻††††੽††††汥敳椠⡦椠味敲汬硩☠…⠡瀠潲数乲摯⁥

⼯匠慬⁰桴⁥摡攠敶瑮潨杵瑨琠敨敲椠⁳潮愠潬慣整⁤汳瑯 †††笠 †††††攠献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧 †††††攠献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽渧湯❥਻††††††慶⁲摣癩㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴搧癩⤧਻††††††摣癩献祴敬㴠∠楷瑤㩨〳瀰㭸慭杲湩ㄺ瀰⁸畡潴∻਻††††††摣癩愮灰湥䍤楨摬
⁥㬩 †††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩‬⹢慬瑳桃汩⥤਻††††੽††††汥敳椠⡦℠獩求歯摥祂潄慭湩
਩††††੻††††††慶⁲湩䙪㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴椧牦浡❥㬩 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥潢摲牥㴠✠✰਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬洮牡楧‽㬰 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戧潬正㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠潮敮㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥敨杩瑨㴠✠㔲瀴❸਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬漮敶晲潬⁷‽栧摩敤❮਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬瀮摡楤杮㴠〠਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬眮摩桴㴠✠〳瀰❸਻††††††湩䙪献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤湩敪瑣摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧ਊ††††††晩
⁢☦⠠℠獩牔汥楬⁸籼⠠琠灹潥⁦獩牔汥楬⁸㴽∠湵敤楦敮≤⤠⤠⤠⼠ 汁瑯敨⁲牴灩摯瀠潲獰 †††††笠 †††††††瘠牡挠楤⁶‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨楤❶㬩 †††††††挠楤⹶瑳汹⁥‽眢摩桴㌺〰硰活牡楧㩮〱硰愠瑵㭯㬢 †††††††挠楤⹶灡数摮桃汩⡤椠橮⁆㬩 †††††††戠椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥摣癩‬⹢慬瑳桃汩⥤਻††††††⁽ †††素 素
潤畣敭瑮椮味敲汬硩⤠㬩紊ਊ⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊楤⁶摩∽扴损湯慴湩牥•瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤䐣䑆䍃㭆戠牯敤⵲潢瑴浯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠㤳㤳㤳※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹㤹㤹椡灭牯慴瑮㸢㰊ⴡ昭牯慮敭∽敳牡档•湯畓浢瑩∽敲畴湲猠慥捲楨⡴∩椠㵤栧慥敤彲敳牡档‧ਾ椼灮瑵琠灹㵥琢硥≴瀠慬散潨摬牥∽敓牡档•楳敺㌽‰慮敭∽敳牡档∲瘠污敵∽㸢㰊湩異⁴祴数∽畢瑴湯•慶畬㵥䜢Ⅿ•湯汃捩㵫猢慥捲楨⡴∩ਾ⼼潦浲ਾ猼祴敬ਾ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档笠 †眠摩桴›ㄹ瀶㭸 †洠牡楧㩮〠愠瑵瀸㭸 †瀠獯瑩潩㩮爠汥瑡癩㭥紊ਊ昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異⁴੻††敨杩瑨›〴硰਻††潦瑮猭穩㩥ㄠ瀴㭸 †氠湩ⵥ敨杩瑨›〴硰਻††慰摤湩㩧〠㠠硰਻††潢⵸楳楺杮›潢摲牥戭硯਻††慢正牧畯摮›䘣䘴䔲㬹 †戠牯敤㩲ㄠ硰猠汯摩⌠䉂㡂㡂਻††牴湡楳楴湯›慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡ⵥ畯ⱴ †††††††挠汯牯㌠〰獭攠獡㭥紊ਊ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴⁝੻††楷瑤㩨ㄠ〰㬥紊昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵笠 †戠牯敤⵲潣潬㩲⌠㉁い㐵਻††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›昣晦਻††潢⵸桳摡睯›‰瀰⁸㈱硰ⴠ瀴⁸䄣䐲㔰㬴紊ਊਊ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戢瑵潴≮⁝੻††潰楳楴湯›扡潳畬整਻††潴㩰ㄠ硰਻††楲桧㩴ㄠ硰਻††灯捡瑩㩹ㄠ਻††慢正牧畯摮›䐣䑆䍃㭆 †挠汯牯›㐣㌶㌷㬴 †眠摩桴›㈱瀵㭸 †挠牵潳㩲瀠楯瑮牥਻††敨杩瑨›㠳硰਻††潢摲牥›潮敮਻੽潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧栺癯牥ਬ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮㩝潨敶⁲੻††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›䄣䌵㕅㬶 †挠汯牯›昣晦਻੽潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳⁾湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧笠 †戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬㩲⌠㈵䕁䙄਻††潣潬㩲⌠晦㭦紊ਊ⼼瑳汹㹥ਊ猼牣灩㹴昊湵瑣潩敳牡档瑩⤨੻†† †⼠ 敤整浲湩⁥湥楶潲浮湥⁴ †瘠牡猠慥捲彨湥⁶ †椠⁦氨捹獯慟彤睷彷敳癲牥椮摮硥晏∨瀮⹤⤢㸠ⴠ⤱笠 †††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㕨⸱摰氮捹獯挮浯愯✯਻††⁽汥敳椠⁦氨捹獯慟彤睷彷敳癲牥椮摮硥晏∨焮⹡⤢㸠ⴠ⤱笠 †††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㕨⸱慱氮捹獯挮浯愯✯਻††⁽汥敳笠 †††敳牡档敟癮㴠✠瑨灴⼺猯慥捲㕨⸱祬潣⹳潣⽭⽡㬧 †素ਊ慶⁲敳牡档瑟牥‽湥潣敤剕䍉浯潰敮瑮搨捯浵湥⹴敳牡档献慥捲㉨瘮污敵਩慶⁲敳牡档畟汲㴠猠慥捲彨湥⭶敳牡档瑟牥㭭眊湩潤⹷灯湥猨慥捲彨牵⥬਻爊瑥牵慦獬੥੽⼼捳楲瑰ⴭਾ猼祴敬ਾ††愮䍤湥整䍲慬獳浻牡楧㩮‰畡潴੽⼼瑳汹㹥㰊楤⁶摩∽扴慟≤挠慬獳∽摡敃瑮牥汃獡≳猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※楷瑤㩨ㄹ瀶㭸㸢ਊ搼癩椠㵤愢彤潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴㜺㠲硰∠ਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴ਾ晩⠠祴数景氠捹獯慟⁤㴡‽產摮晥湩摥•☦∠敬摡牥潢牡≤椠祬潣彳摡
੻†潤畣敭瑮眮楲整氨捹獯慟孤氧慥敤扲慯摲崧㬩紊㰊猯牣灩㹴㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶㰊搯癩ਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴ਾ晩⠠祴数景氠捹獯慟⁤㴡‽產摮晥湩摥•☦∠汳摩牥•湩氠捹獯慟⥤笠 搠捯浵湥⹴牷瑩⡥祬潣彳摡❛汳摩牥崧㬩紊㰊猯牣灩㹴㰠ⴡ‭摡敤⁤⼷㈲ⴠ㸭㰊楤⁶摩∽潆瑯牥摁•瑳汹㵥戢捡杫潲湵㩤䐣䑆䍃㭆戠牯敤⵲潴㩰瀱⁸潳楬⁤㌣㌹㌹㬹挠敬牡戺瑯㭨搠獩汰祡渺湯㭥眠摩桴ㄺ〰℥浩潰瑲湡㭴瀠獯瑩潩㩮敲慬楴敶※⵺湩敤㩸㤹㤹㤹椡灭牯慴瑮※敨杩瑨㤺瀰ⅸ浩潰瑲湡≴‾㰊楤⁶汣獡㵳愢䍤湥整䍲慬獳•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正椡灭牯慴瑮※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮眠摩桴㤺㘱硰∻ਾ搼癩椠㵤昢潯整䅲彤潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴㜺㠲硰㸢㰊晩慲敭椠㵤氢捹獯潆瑯牥摁䙩慲敭•瑳汹㵥戢牯敤㩲㬰搠獩汰祡戺潬正※汦慯㩴敬瑦※敨杩瑨㤺瀶㭸漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※慰摤湩㩧㬰眠摩桴㜺〵硰㸢⼼晩慲敭ਾ⼼楤㹶㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊ