Chen Style Taijiquan Notepad


"In the world there is nothing more submissive and weak than water. Yet for attacking that which is hard and strong nothing can surpass it. This is because there is nothing that can take its place." In: Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, Book Two, LXXVIII, p.186; as translated by D.C. Lau.

"Nothing under heaven is softer or more yielding than water; but when it attacks things hard and resistant there is not one of them that can prevail. For they can find no way of altering it." In: Laozi, Chapter 78, p.159; as translated by Arthur Waley.

"Under Heaven there is nothing softer and weaker than water, yet for attacking the hard and stiff, nothing can surpass it; this is because there is nothing that can easily replace it." In: The Gate of All Marvelous Things. A Guide to Reading the Tao Te Qing, Chapter 78, p.145; as translated by Gregory C. Richter.


What you may find on this site

  1. Web sources on Chen style taijiquan that you may find, or not, worthwhile
  2. Information on a few videos and streams on Chen style taijiquan
  3. Information on other material (mainly books) on Chen style taijiquan
  4. Something on conduct and ethics of the Chen family
  5. A beginner's glossary for quick reference on Chen style taijiquan
  6. Some Chinese characters from the glossary
  7. A reference chart on Chen style lineage in case you are looking for teachers
  8. A thank you for visiting my page
  9. A disclaimer so you won't sue me when you break a leg
  10. Acknowledgements
The diverse web sources and other materials refered to on this site are commented so as to facilitate your navigation both to and on virtual Chen style sites ("chenspace", if you will), and in corporeal bookstores or shops. In case you are unhappy that I only focus on Chen style taijiquan, let me explain: This is not a partisan issue, but related to the fact that I know very little about other styles and do not feel qualified to comment. In fact, I already feel quite overwhelmed with trying to understand Chen style.

Anyway, remember that the frames you will meet on these web sites have nothing to do with the taijiquan frames, styles, and routines you wish to become more acquainted with, and every single stance exercise may take you further than surfing to the remotest places on the web.

Do not expect any spectacular graphics on this site. I wish to keep the site accessible to people with slower processors, less RAM, worse phone lines, and bad online services, too. There are links to other sites with nice graphics, though.

It is my intent to only refer to material and sites that provide topical value-added. There are already a couple of good sites that provide you with many taijiquan links. See, for example, Sheele's site. Thus, you will not find each and every taijiquan page that haunts the world wide web on this location. Please also note that (the few) links to commercial sites from my pages are not remunerated, e.g. via click trade. I am only including such links where I find the site provides some interesting content.

Last not least, infringement of copyrights is not supported by this webpage. Direct copying and pasting of original Chen style sources to the detriment of the respective authors, which I have actually run across recently (2003) will not occur. If you are under the impression that any source provided or any quotation on this page violates existing rights, and/ or is not covered by fair use, kindly bring that to my attention so I may correct it.


Jin gang dao dui: Buddha's Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar - one of over 10 self-defense applications from the movement as described by Ma Hong. Taken from Self defense applications of "Pounding the Mortar", p.106, in: Jan Silberstorff (ed. for Europe), The best of "The Chen-Style Taijiquan Journal", 1993-1995, pp.102-108.; originally in The Chen-Style Taijiquan Journal Vol. 1 (6), Dec. 1993. As pointed out to me by Roel Jansen, a Dutch author on tajiquan, the real original is Ma Hong's Chen Shi Taijiquan Jijifa, ISBN 7-5009-1325-7/G.1229, fig.7 on p.7 in the 2001 edition.

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Thank you for visiting my page

I originally created this site in order to acquaint myself a little with basic HTML. It may be interesting for you, however, to check some of the materials and sources on Chen style taijiquan that I have come across. I will henceforth use this platform as my own notepad - as suggested in the title. This way the benefit may remain mutual. If you have any links to recommend, or any other comments, please send an email to Christoph David Weinmann.

Disclaimer

As I am only a part-time student of Chen style taijiquan, do not expect to find anything highly authorative on Chen style taijiquan here since my competency in surfing the web (and even that is not well developed) most probably still exceeds my knowledge of taijiquan. It is the understanding of the latter I wish to deepen, though.

If the URLs change, one or another link may not work. I do not have the time to constantly check and review them. A date in brackets following a link indicates when I ran over or last hit the site concerned via this specific URL.

Created: November 1998 under http://pages.whowhere.com/community/weinmann.

Migrated: August 2000 to http://cdweinmann.tripod.com.

Last content addition or change: 2014-01-08.

Acknowlegements

Thanks to my wife Lingyue and our daughters Albina Sirui and Ivera Sihui for tolerating a husband and father who wanders off before dawn to practice taijiquan. Thanks as well to my firstborn daughter Ligia Adriana for having been responsible enough when home alone while I was off for practicing in the park or elsewhere when she was younger and still living with me.

My first taijiquan instructor Ralf zum Felde in Hamburg, a student of Jan Silberstorff, was not only very knowledgeable and patient when I was asking questions, but his stimulating classes encouraged me look around the internet and elsewhere to seek more on Chen style taijiquan. My second instructor Zhang Shuqiang in Beijing, a student of Tian Xiuchen and Li Peixiang, was very kind to have offered to teach me despite my limited skills, and this probably would have never occured had not Shi Chongsong kindly invited me, in perfect English, to come over to meet him while I was looking for a nice spot to practice in a local park. I am also grateful to Wang Yanxia, one of the many earlybirds in Temple of Heaven Park, whose continuous interest in and questions about Chen style taijiquan during 2008 gave me ample opportunity to review my still rather limited knowledge and refine my own practice.




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Copyright (All Rights Reserved) 1998-2014 by Christoph David Weinmann.

Visits since 1999-08-01:

ℼⴭ∧⼼楴汴㹥⼼敨摡ⴾ㸭㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸢⼊䌯浯数整弊损浯数整损摯⁥‽㘧㜶㡦昹㘲㥤挶〳㥥㜹㠲敦愶〶㠸㐰❤਻昨湵瑣潩⤨笠瘠牡猠搽捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴猧牣灩❴Ⱙ㵤潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥栧慥❤嬩崰籼潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥戧摯❹嬩崰琬✽瑨灴㩳㴧搽捯浵湥⹴潬慣楴湯瀮潲潴潣㽬栧瑴獰⼺振挮浯数整挮浯戯潯獴牴灡✯✺瑨灴⼺振挮浯数整挮浯戯潯獴牴灡✯猻献捲琽弫损浯数整损摯⭥⼧潢瑯瑳慲⹰獪㬧⹳祴数✽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩❴猻愮祳据✽獡湹❣椻⡦⥤摻愮灰湥䍤楨摬猨㬩絽⠩㬩⼊儯慵瑮慣瑳昊湵瑣潩档湡噮污摩瑡牯挨慨湮笩爠瑥牵琨灹潥⡦档湡⥮㴠‽猧牴湩❧☠…档湡㴡✠⤧紻昊湵瑣潩祬潣关慵瑮慣瑳⤨⁻慶⁲扬㴠∠㬢椠⡦祴数景挨彭潨瑳
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੻慶⁲瑳牡⁴‽畦汬氮獡䥴摮硥晏猨瑩⥥਻晩⠠瑳牡⁴㴽ⴠ⤱爠瑥牵慦獬㭥猊慴瑲㴠映汵⹬慬瑳湉敤佸⡦影慰慲⥭਻晩⠠瑳牡⁴㴽ⴠ⤱爠瑥牵慦獬㭥猊慴瑲⬠‽影慰慲⹭敬杮桴਻慶⁲湥⁤‽畦汬椮摮硥晏✨✦‬瑳牡⥴਻晩⠠湥⁤㴽ⴠ⤱攠摮㴠映汵⹬敬杮桴਻敲畴湲甠敮捳灡⡥畦汬献扵瑳楲杮猨慴瑲‬湥⥤⸩灳楬⡴•⤢樮楯⡮⬢⤢਻੽畦据楴湯朠湥牥瑡䡥敲⡦瑡条‬整灭慬整笩愊慴⹧牨晥琽浥汰瑡⹥敲汰捡⡥弧奍剕彌Ⱗ眠湩潤⹷潬慣楴湯栮敲⹦敲汰捡⡥栧瑴㩰⼯Ⱗ✠⤧⸩敲汰捡⡥弧奍䥔䱔彅Ⱗ䌧敨正㈥漰瑵㈥琰楨╳〲牔灩摯㈥䴰浥敢╲〲楳整✡㬩ਠ੽慶⁲祬潣彳摡㴠䄠牲祡⤨਻慶⁲祬潣彳湯潬摡瑟浩牥਻慶⁲浣牟汯⁥‽氢癩≥਻慶⁲浣桟獯⁴‽琢楲潰⹤祬潣⹳潣≭਻慶⁲浣瑟硡摩㴠∠洯浥敢敲扭摥敤≤਻慶⁲牴灩摯浟浥敢彲慮敭㴠∠摣敷湩慭湮㬢瘊牡琠楲潰彤敭扭牥灟条⁥‽挢睤楥浮湡⽮湩敤⹸瑨≭਻慶⁲牴灩摯牟瑡湩獧桟獡⁨‽ㄢㄴ㈱〵㠲㨷攳〰挰㈲㉤㍦〳愲㌴扡㈸㝣晢〲愸ㄹ㬢ਊ慶⁲祬潣彳摡损瑡来牯⁹‽≻浤穯㨢猢潰瑲屳洯牡楴污慟瑲≳∬湯慴杲瑥㨢☢䅃㵔灳牯獴㈥愰摮㈥爰捥敲瑡潩≮∬楦摮睟慨≴∺桃⁩慍档湩≥㭽ਊ慶⁲祬潣彳摡牟浥瑯彥摡牤㴠∠㐵ㄮ㘹㈮㜰㔮∵਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⁲‽眢睷琮楲潰⹤祬潣⹳潣≭਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡瑟慲正獟慭汬㴠∠瑨灴⼺洯浥敢獲琮楲潰⹤潣⽭摡⽭浩⽧潣浭湯漯彴浳污晬慲敭朮晩爿湡㵤㔴㈸㤶㬢瘊牡氠捹獯慟彤牴捡彫敳癲摥㴠∠瑨灴⼺洯浥敢獲琮楲潰⹤潣⽭摡⽭浩⽧潣浭湯漯彴摡敳癲摥朮晩爿湡㵤㔴㈸㤶㬢瘊牡氠捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⁹‽敧兴敵祲⤨਻⼯牃瑩潥瘊牡挠潴损湯⁦‽⁻㩡牴敵‬㩩∠㤲∴‬㩣椢杭Ⱒ欠㩷∠•⁽਻昨湵瑣潩⤨੻慶⁲⁣‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮∨捳楲瑰⤢※⹣祴数㴠∠整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴※⹣獡湹⁣‽牴敵਻⹣牳⁣‽栢瑴㩰⼯敭扭牥⹳牴灩摯挮浯愯浤瀯牡湴牥振楲整彯摬歟⹷獪㬢瘊牡猠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭∨潢祤⤢せ㭝猠愮灰湥䍤楨摬挨㬩紊⠩㬩ਠ⼼捳楲瑰ਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴猠捲∽瑨灴⼺猯牣灩獴氮捹獯挮浯振瑡慭⽮湩瑩樮≳㰾猯牣灩㹴ਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴‾⠊畦据楴湯椨噳਩੻††晩
椡噳⤠ †笠 †††爠瑥牵㭮 †素 †瘠牡愠䵤牧㴠渠睥䄠䵤湡条牥⤨਻††慶⁲祬潣彳牰摯獟瑥㴠愠䵤牧挮潨獯健潲畤瑣敓⡴㬩 †瘠牡猠潬獴㴠嬠氢慥敤扲慯摲Ⱒ∠敬摡牥潢牡㉤Ⱒ∠潴汯慢彲浩条≥‬琢潯扬牡瑟硥≴‬猢慭汬潢≸‬琢灯灟潲潭Ⱒ∠潦瑯牥∲‬猢楬敤≲㭝 †瘠牡愠䍤瑡㴠琠楨⹳祬潣彳摡损瑡来牯㭹 †愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭瀧条❥‬愨䍤瑡☠…摡慃⹴浤穯
‿摡慃⹴浤穯㨠✠敭扭牥⤧਻††晩⠠桴獩氮捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⥹ †笠 †††愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭欢祥潷摲Ⱒ琠楨⹳祬潣彳敳牡档煟敵祲㬩 †素ਠ††汥敳椠⡦摡慃⁴☦愠䍤瑡昮湩彤桷瑡਩††੻††††摡杍⹲敳䙴牯散偤牡浡✨敫睹牯❤‬摡慃⹴楦摮睟慨⥴਻††੽†† †映牯⠠慶⁲⁳湩猠潬獴਩††੻††††慶⁲汳瑯㴠猠潬獴獛㭝 †††椠⁦愨䵤牧椮即潬䅴慶汩扡敬猨潬⥴਩††††੻††††††桴獩氮捹獯慟孤汳瑯⁝‽摡杍⹲敧却潬⡴汳瑯㬩 †††素 †素ਊ††摡杍⹲敲摮牥效摡牥⤨਻††摡杍⹲敲摮牥潆瑯牥⤨਻⡽昨湵瑣潩⡮
੻瘊牡眠㴠〠‬⁨‽ⰰ洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⁤‽〳㬰ਊ晩⠠潴⁰㴽猠汥⥦笊 †爠瑥牵牴敵਻੽晩⠠祴数景眨湩潤⹷湩敮坲摩桴
㴽✠畮扭牥‧਩੻††⁷‽楷摮睯椮湮牥楗瑤㭨 †栠㴠眠湩潤⹷湩敮䡲楥桧㭴紊攊獬⁥晩⠠潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮☠…搨捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮楗瑤⁨籼搠捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮效杩瑨⤩笊 †眠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮楗瑤㭨 †栠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮效杩瑨਻੽汥敳椠⁦搨捯浵湥⹴潢祤☠…搨捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥坴摩桴簠⁼潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮效杩瑨⤩笊 †眠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥坴摩桴਻††⁨‽潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮效杩瑨਻੽敲畴湲⠠眨㸠洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⥤☠…栨㸠洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⥤㬩紊⤨⤩㬩ਊਊ眊湩潤⹷湯潬摡㴠映湵瑣潩⡮਩੻††慶⁲⁦‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥䉴䥹⡤䘢潯整䅲≤㬩 †瘠牡戠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭∨潢祤⤢せ㭝 †戠愮灰湥䍤楨摬昨㬩 †映献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠∠汢捯≫਻††潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥䉴䥹⡤氧捹獯潆瑯牥摁䙩慲敭⤧献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤潦瑯牥摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧 †ਠਊ†† †⼠ 佄⁍湉摁 †⠠畦据楴湯椨味敲汬硩਩††੻††††慶⁲⁥‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨晩慲敭⤧਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥潢摲牥㴠✠✰਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥慭杲湩㴠〠਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戧潬正㬧 †††攠献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽爧杩瑨㬧 †††攠献祴敬栮楥桧⁴‽㈧㐵硰㬧 †††攠献祴敬漮敶晲潬⁷‽栧摩敤❮਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥慰摤湩⁧‽㬰 †††攠献祴敬眮摩桴㴠✠〳瀰❸਻ਊ††††慶⁲獩求歯摥祂潄慭湩㴠映湵瑣潩⡮栠敲⁦਩††††੻††††††慶⁲汢捯敫䑤浯楡獮㴠嬠 †††††††∠湡湡慹潰湲㌱〰⸰牴灩摯挮浯Ⱒ †††††††∠硸灸牯确硸琮楲潰⹤潣≭ †††††崠਻††††††慶⁲汦条㴠映污敳਻†††††† †††††映牯
慶⁲㵩㬰椠戼潬正摥潄慭湩⹳敬杮桴※⭩‫਩††††††੻††††††††晩
牨晥献慥捲⡨戠潬正摥潄慭湩孳椠崠⤠㸠‽‰਩††††††††੻††††††††††汦条㴠琠畲㭥 †††††††素 †††††素 †††††爠瑥牵汦条਻††††੽ †††瘠牡朠瑥敍慴潃瑮湥⁴‽畦据楴湯
敭慴慎敭⤠ †††笠 †††††瘠牡洠瑥獡㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭✨敭慴⤧਻††††††潦⁲椨〽※㱩敭慴⹳敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††††笠ਠ††††††††晩
敭慴孳嵩朮瑥瑁牴扩瑵⡥渢浡≥
㴽洠瑥乡浡⁥਩††††††††⁻ †††††††††爠瑥牵敭慴孳嵩朮瑥瑁牴扩瑵⡥挢湯整瑮⤢※ †††††††素ਠ††††††੽††††††敲畴湲映污敳਻††††੽†††† †††瘠牡朠瑥潃浭湥乴摯獥㴠映湵瑣潩⡮敲敧偸瑡整湲਩††††੻††††††慶⁲潮敤⁳‽絻਻††††††慶⁲潮敤䅳㴠嬠㭝 †††††瘠牡瀠敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩⁴‽❛❡‬挧Ⱗ✠❢㭝 †††ਠ††††††昨湵瑣潩敧乴摯獥桔瑡慈敶潃浭湥獴渨‬慰瑴牥⥮ †††††笠 †††††††椠⁦渨栮獡桃汩乤摯獥⤨਩††††††††੻††††††††††晩⠠⹮慴乧浡⁥㴽‽䤧剆䵁❅਩††††††††††੻††††††††††††敲畴湲映污敳਻††††††††††੽††††††††††潦⁲瘨牡椠㴠〠※⁩‼⹮档汩乤摯獥氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫਩††††††††††੻††††††††††††晩⠠渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯呥灹⁥㴽‽⤸☠…瀨瑡整湲琮獥⡴⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤慖畬⥥⤩ †††††††††††笠 †††††††††††††瘠牡愠敲乡浡⁥‽慰瑴牥⹮硥捥渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯噥污敵嬩崱਻††††††††††††††潮敤孳牡慥慎敭⁝‽㭮 †††††††††††素 †††††††††††攠獬⁥晩⠠⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤祔数㴠㴽ㄠ਩††††††††††††੻††††††††††††††敧乴摯獥桔瑡慈敶潃浭湥獴渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩‬慰瑴牥⥮਻††††††††††††੽††††††††††੽††††††††੽††††††⡽潤畣敭瑮戮摯ⱹ爠来硥慐瑴牥⥮㬩ਊ††††††潦⁲瘨牡椠椠牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳਩††††††੻††††††††晩⠠潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝਩††††††††੻††††††††††晩
獩牔汥楬⁸☦渠摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⹝慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⁥਩††††††††††੻††††††††††††潮敤䅳瀮獵⡨潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤㬩 †††††††††素 †††††††††攠獬੥††††††††††੻††††††††††††潮敤䅳瀮獵⡨渠摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⁝㬩 †††††††††素 †††††††素 †††††素 †††††爠瑥牵潮敤䅳਻††††੽†††† †††ਠ††††慶⁲牰灯牥潎敤㴠渠汵㭬 †††瘠牡愠敲乡摯獥㴠朠瑥潃浭湥乴摯獥
敮⁷敒䕧灸
帧牡慥吠灹㵥愢敲彡尨睜⤫✢⤠⤠਻ †††映牯⠠慶⁲⁩‽㬰椠㰠愠敲乡摯獥氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫਩††††੻††††††慶⁲⁡‽慰獲䥥瑮木瑥潃灭瑵摥瑓汹⡥牡慥潎敤孳嵩⸩楷瑤⥨਻††††††晩⠠愨㸠‽〳⤰☠…愨㰠‽〴⤰਩††††††੻††††††††牰灯牥潎敤㴠愠敲乡摯獥楛㭝 †††††††戠敲歡਻††††††੽††††੽ਊ††††慶⁲牰灯牥祴慎敭㴠朠瑥敍慴潃瑮湥⡴瀢潲数瑲≹
籼映污敳਻††††晩
獩牔汥楬⁸☦⠠牰灯牥潎敤
਩††††੻††††††⹥牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡椯橮捥䅴⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻††††††牰灯牥潎敤椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥ⱥ瀠潲数乲摯⹥楦獲䍴楨摬㬩 †††素 †††攠獬⁥晩
獩牔汥楬⁸☦℠
牰灯牥潎敤⤠⤠⼠ 汓灡琠敨愠⁤癥湥桴畯桧⁴桴牥⁥獩渠污捯瑡摥猠潬ੴ††††੻††††††⹥牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡椯橮捥䅴⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻††††††⹥瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠潮敮㬧 †††††瘠牡挠楤⁶‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨楤❶㬩 †††††挠楤⹶瑳汹⁥‽眢摩桴㌺〰硰活牡楧㩮〱硰愠瑵㭯㬢 †††††挠楤⹶灡数摮桃汩⡤攠⤠਻††††††⹢湩敳瑲敂潦敲挨楤ⱶ戠氮獡䍴楨摬㬩 †††素 †††攠獬⁥晩
椡䉳潬敫䉤䑹浯楡⡮氠捯瑡潩⹮牨晥⤠⤠ †††笠 ††††† †††素ਊ †††瘠牡椠橮⁆‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨晩慲敭⤧਻††††湩䙪献祴敬戮牯敤⁲‽〧㬧 †††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥慭杲湩㴠〠਻††††湩䙪献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠✠汢捯❫਻††††湩䙪献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽渧湯❥਻††††湩䙪献祴敬栮楥桧⁴‽㈧㐵硰㬧 †††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥癯牥汦睯㴠✠楨摤湥㬧 †††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥慰摤湩⁧‽㬰 †††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥楷瑤⁨‽㌧〰硰㬧 †††椠橮⹆牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡椯橮捥䅴⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻ †††椠⡦戠☠…
椡味敲汬硩簠⁼
祴数景椠味敲汬硩㴠‽產摮晥湩摥•


⼯䄠汬漠桴牥琠楲潰⁤牰灯ੳ††††੻††††††慶⁲摣癩㴠搠捯浵湥⹴牣慥整汅浥湥⡴搧癩⤧਻††††††摣癩献祴敬㴠∠楷瑤㩨〳瀰㭸慭杲湩ㄺ瀰⁸畡潴∻਻††††††摣癩愮灰湥䍤楨摬
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