What else you may find on this site, besides the Chinese characters below

  1. The home page, i.e. the entry to my Chen style taijiquan notepad
  2. Some web sources on Chen style taijiquan that you may find, or not, worthwhile
  3. Information on a few videos and streams on Chen style taijiquan
  4. Information on some other material (mainly books) on Chen style taijiquan
  5. A beginner's glossary for quick reference on Chen style taijiquan
  6. Something on conduct and ethics of the Chen family
  7. A reference chart on Chen style lineage in case you are looking for teachers
  8. Thank you for visiting my page
  9. A disclaimer so you won't sue me when you break a leg

"Huibian" is the Chinese term for "glossary". The first character is pronounced on the fourth, the second character on the first tone in standard Chinese pronounciation (putonghua).

Chinese characters for quick reference on Chen style taijiquan

This is a list of Chinese characters which occur in Chen style taijiquan. It contains mainly such characters which bear relation to the transcriptions of this site. I have added this page because phonetic pinyin transcription, as other roman transcriptions for Chinese, is not biunique. Hence, visitors who come across this site and do speak Chinese may feel confused what Chinese character is actually meant. For example, while "break" and "brake" sound identical in English, their meaning is different. In the same way, the identical pronounciation of "quan" (in the second tone) could stand for "boxing", "spring" (source of water), "coil up" (as a snake), "wheel without spokes", and many more terms, depending on the Chinese character used.

In order to be able to see the Chinese characters you need to adjust your browser's settings so as to enable the character code set of the People's Republic of China (GB). If this (alone) does not work, as a recent visitor wrote, you may need to still install the Chinese character set for Windows (if you are a Windows user) that usually comes with all the other language sets that are provided, but often is not automatically installed if Chinese is not your working language because these sets take up a lot of disk space. [I am not sure what holds for other operating systems. If anyone knows, please advise so I can share the information.] Do not forget to change the language settings if you return to other sites which do not display Chinese because codes may conflict with one another.

If I can find and succeed to type them all, this page will show you the Chinese characters for all of the terms on the glossary page, and possibly a few additional characters for names or expressions related to other pages than the glossary. Also, original Chinese titles mentioned on the pages about videos and other material are placed at the end of this page in case you want to seek them out. Any corrections and comments are welcome. Please send your message to 魏尔曼 (Christoph David Weinmann).

Back to top Down to movements Down to titles Home Web sources Videos Streams Other material Glossary Conduct Lineage

Chinese characters for Chen style taijiquan (no movements)

Bai hui:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries. Maybe the term is too technical. However, I have found it on several (and copied it from) Chinese websites.
Chan si gong:
Chang qiang:
Chen style:
Chunqiu da dao:
Da lv:
plus the character for lv below.
Da zhui:
Dan dao:
Dan jian:
Dao yin:
Ding bu:
Er lu:
Fa jin:
Feng shi:
Gang rou xiang ji:
Gong fu:
Hao style:
He bu:
Hua jiao bu:
Hu lei jia:
Huan tiao:
Hui yin:
Huo bu:
Ji ben gong fu:
Jian jing:
Jing luo:
Lao gong:
Lao jia:
Lao jia er lu:
Lao jia yi lu:
Li style:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries. Maybe the term is too technical. However, I have found it on several (and copied it from) Chinese websites.
Ling tai:
Luan cai hua:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries or, as a matter of fact, on any Chinese taijiquan sites I ran into thus far. (It usually is substituted with the character meaning "smoothing out with fingers" or "stroke"). Maybe the term is too technical. It is an eighteen-stroke character. The left side consists of (shou, as a radical) and the right side consists of (lv).
Ming men:
Nei gong:
Qi hai:
Qin na:
Pao chui:
I have not found a way of typing the appropriate character with standard input software, and have neither found it in standard dictionaries. Maybe the term is too technical. However, I have found it on several (and copied it from) Chinese websites.
Qi chong:
Qi men:
Qing gong:
Qv chi:
Shan zhong:
Shuang dao:
Shun bu:
Sun style:
孙式 (孙禄堂)
Tai ji bu fa:
Tai ji chan si jing:
Tai ji dou jing:
Tai ji qi xie gong:
Tai ji qiang:
Tai ji quan tui shou:
Tai ji shi san gan:
Tie shan zhang:
Tu na:
Wan hua:
Wei zhong:
Wu shu:
Wu style (1):
武式 (武禹襄)
Wu style (2):
吴式 (吴鉴泉)
Xiao jia:
Xin jia:
Xin jia er lu:
Xin jia yi lu:
Xun jin kou xue:
Yang ling quan:
Yang sheng gong:
Yang style:
杨式 (杨露禅)
Yi lu:
Yong quan:
Yv zhen:
Zhan zhuang gong fu:
Zhang men:
Zhao fa:
Zhong fu:
From Laozi's (or Lao Dan's) ,Dao De Jing:

"Chen shi" (second tone, fourth tone) stands for "Chen style" in Chinese, here with the denotation of "family" and "clan" or "school". There is another character for "style" with identical pronounciation (noted in the section above), widely used, that contains the denotation of "standard", "model", or "pattern". In practice, both characters for "shi" are used almost interchangeably when reference is made to a taijiquan style. Note also that Chinese characters have been simplified in China. This even goes for family names such as the character of the Chen family. Therefore, you will find a slightly different character for "Chen" (Cf. the image below.) in older printings, or in printings from Hongkong or Taiwan which still use traditional characters.

Back to top Back to terms Down to titles Home Web sources Videos Streams Other material Glossary Conduct Lineage

Chinese characters for Chen style taijiquan movements

Note: This section is arranged in same order as the glossary page. Here too, the numbers in the brackets indicate the movement number in the respective routine.

Ao bu:
拗步 [老架一路: 10, 13, 32]
Bai e liang chi:
白鹅亮翅 [老架一路: 7, 21, 57]
Bai he liang chi:
白鹤亮翅 [老架一路: 7, 21, 57]
Bai she tu xin:
白蛇吐信 [单刀: 21. 单剑: 22, 28, 36]
Bai yvan xian guo:
白猿献果 [单剑: 41]
Bai yvn gai ding:
白云盖顶 [单刀: 5]
Bao tou tui shan:
抱头推山 [老架一路: 40]
Bi men shi:
闭门式 [单剑: 6]
Bi shen chui:
庇身捶 [老架一路: 16. 老架二路: 9]
Bo cao xvn she:
拨草寻蛇 [单剑: 13]
Bo yun wang ri:
拨云望日 [单刀: 12]
Chao tian deng:
朝天镫 [老架一路: 55. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.360]
Chao yang jian:
朝阳剑 [单剑: 2]
Chu shou:
初收 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.194]
Da gong quan xiao gong quan:
大肱拳小肱拳 [老架二路: 15]
Dan bian:
单鞭 [老架一路: 5, 26, 42, 47, 51, 62, 68. 老架二路: 5]
Dan dao qi shi:
单刀起式 [单刀: 1]
Dang tou pao:
当头炮 [老架一路: 73]
Dao juan gong:
倒卷肱 [老架一路: 20, 56]
Dao juan hong:
倒卷红 [老架一路: 20, 56. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.229]
Dao qi long:
倒骑龙 [老架二路: 17]
Dao zhuan gong:
倒转肱 [单剑: 20]
Dian tou:
点头 [单剑: 12]
Die cha:
跌岔 [老架一路: 54]
Dao cha dao cha:
捣叉捣叉 [老架二路: 34]
E hu pu shi:
饿虎扑食 [单剑: 18]
Er qi:
二起 [老架一路: 34. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.273]
Feng huang dian tou:
凤凰点头 [单剑: 34]
Feng juan can hua:
风卷残花 [单刀: 4, 16]
Fan hua wun xiou:
翻花舞袖 [老架二路: 12, 22]
Fan shen xia pi jian:
翻身下劈剑 [单剑: 8]
Fu hu:
伏虎 [老架二路: 24]
Gai lan shi:
盖拦式 [单剑: 16]
Gao tan ma:
高探马 [老架一路: 28, 64]
Gu shu pan gen:
古树盘根 [单剑: 17]
Guai mang fan shen:
怪蟒翻身 [单剑: 46]
Guo bian guo bian:
裹鞭裹鞭 [老架二路: 19]
Hai di lao yve:
海底捞月 [单剑: 33]
Hei hu sou shan:
黑虎搜山 [单刀: 6]
Hei xiong fan shen:
黑熊翻身 [单剑: 26]
Hou zhao:
后招 [老架一路: 44]
Hou zhao:
后昭 [老架一路: 44. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.310]
Hu xi jian:
护膝剑 [单剑: 5]
Hu xin dao:
护心刀 [单刀: 2]
Hu xin quan:
护心拳 [老架一路: 35. 老架二路: 6]
Huai zhong bao yue:
怀中抱月 [单刀: 22]
Huang long san jiao shui:
黄龙三搅水 [老架二路: 26]
Hui tou dang men pao:
回头当门炮 [老架二路: 36]
Hui tou jin gang dao dui:
回头金刚捣碓 [老架二路: 8]
Hui tou jing lan zhi ru:
回头井拦直入 [老架二路: 41]
Ji di chui:
击地捶 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.267]
Jin gang dao dui:
金刚捣碓 [老架一路: 2, 6, 15, 74. 老架二路: 2, 42]
Jin ji du li:
金鸡独立 [老架一路: 55. 单刀: 8. 单剑: 14]
Lan ca yi:
揽擦衣 [老架一路: 3, 49. 老架二路: 3]
Lan zha yi:
懒扎衣 [老架一路: 3, 49. 老架二路: 3]
Liu feng si bi:
六封四闭 [老架一路: 4, 25, 41, 46, 50, 61. 老架二路: 4]
Lou xi:
搂膝 [老架一路: 9, 12]
Luo han jiang long:
罗汉降龙 [单剑: 25]
Luo hua shi:
落花式 [单剑: 42]
Mo mei gong:
抹眉肱 [老架二路: 25]
Mo pan jian:
磨盘剑 [单剑: 48]
Na zha tan hai:
哪吒探海 [单剑: 45]
Pi jia zi:
披架子 [老架二路: 21]
Pi shen chui mo wei xiang xia da zhi dang chui:
披身捶末尾向下打指裆捶 [老架一路: 17. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.223]
Pie shen chui (quan):
撇身捶 [老架一路: 16. 老架二路: 9]
Pu di ji:
铺地鸡 [老架一路: 69. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.405]
Pu di jin:
铺地锦 [老架一路: 69. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.405]
Qian zhao:
前招 [老架一路: 43]
Qian zhao:
前昭 [老架一路: 43. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.306]
Qing long bai wei:
青龙摆尾 [单剑: 19]
Qing long chu shui:
青龙出水 [老架一路: 17. 单刀: 3, 15. 单剑: 4, 7]
Qing long zhuan shen:
青龙转身 [单剑: 9]
Quan pao chui:
全炮捶 [老架二路: 32]
Que di long:
雀地龙 [老架一路: 69]
Ri tao san huan:
日套三环 [单刀: 11]
Sao tang tui:
扫膛腿 [老架二路: 30]
Shan tong bei:
闪通背 [老架一路: 23, 59]
Shang xia xie ci:
上下斜刺 [单剑: 43]
Shang bu (ba) qi xing:
上步七星 [老架一路: 70]
Shang bu qi xing mo wei jin gang dao dui:
上步七星末尾金刚捣碓 [老架一路: 70. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.409]
Shang san bu:
上三步 [老架一路: 10, 13, 32]
Shen xian yi ba zhua:
神仙一把抓 [老架一路: 33]
Shi zi jiao:
十字脚 [老架一路: 65]
Shou shi:
收势 [老架一路: 75. 老架二路: 43. 单刀: (23)]
Shou tou shi:
兽头式 [老架二路: 20]
Shuang bai lian:
双摆莲 [老架一路: 53, 72]
Shuang tui shou:
双推手 [老架一路: 18]
Shun lan zhou:
顺拦肘 [老架二路: 39]
Su qin bei jian:
苏秦背剑 [单刀: 7]
Tai ji huan yvan:
太极还原 [单剑: 49]
Tai ji dan jian chu shi:
太极单剑初式 [单剑: 1]
Ti er qi:
踢二起 [老架一路: 34]
Wei tuo xian chu:
韦驼献杵 [单剑: 47]
Wo di da zhuo pao:
窝底大捉炮 [老架二路: 37]
Wo di pao:
窝底炮 [老架二路: 40]
Wu long bai wei:
乌龙摆尾 [单剑: 23]
Xia bu kua gong:
下步跨肱 [老架一路: 71]
Xia bu kua hu:
下步跨虎 [老架一路: 71. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.411]
Xia yvn shou:
下云手 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.380]
Xian ren zhi lu:
仙人指路 [单剑: 3, 15]
Xiao qin da:
小擒打 [老架一路: 39]
Xiao qin na:
小擒拿 [老架一路: 39. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.292]
Xie fei shi:
斜飞式 [单剑: 10, 29, 37, 44]
Xie xing:
斜行 [老架一路: 8, 11, 22, 58. 老架二路: 7]
Xuan feng jiao:
旋风脚 [老架一路: 36]
Yan bie jin shi:
燕别金翅 [单刀: 17]
Yan shou chui:
演手捶 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.244]
Yan shou gong quan:
演手肱拳 [老架一路: 14, 24, 38, 60. 老架二路: 13, 18, 23, 29, 31, 33. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.211]
Yan shou gong quan:
掩手肱拳 [老架一路: 14, 24, 38, 60. 老架二路: 13, 18, 23, 29, 31, 33]
Yan zi zhuo ni:
燕子啄泥 [单剑: 27, 31, 35, 40]
Yao lan zhou:
腰拦肘 [老架二路: 14, 38]
Yao zhan bai she:
腰斩白蛇 [单刀: 10]
Ye cha tan hai:
夜叉探海 [单刀: 18]
Ye ma fen zong:
野马分鬃 [老架一路: 45]
Ye ma tiao jian:
野马跳涧 [单剑: 21]
Yi tang she:
一堂蛇 [老架一路: 54. 陈鑫(1933/2006): p.237]
Ying feng gun bi:
迎锋滚闭 [单刀: 9]
Ying xiong dou zhi:
鹰熊斗智 [单剑: 30]
You bo cao xun she:
右拨草寻蛇 [单刀: 14]
You ca jiao:
右擦脚 [老架一路: 29]
You chong:
右冲 [老架二路: 28]
You deng yi gen:
右蹬一根 [老架一路: 37]
You fan shen kan:
右翻身砍 [单刀: 20]
You tuo qian jin:
右托千斤 [单剑: 39]
Yv bei shi:
预备势 [老架一路: 1. 老架二路: 1]
Yv nv chuan suo:
玉女穿梭 [老架一路: 48. 老架二路: 16]
Yuan hou xian (tan) guo:
猿猴探果 [老架一路: 67]
Yvn shou:
运手 [老架一路: 27, 52, 63.]
Zai shou:
再收 [陈鑫(1933/1995): p.205]
Zhai xing huan dao:
摘星换斗 [单剑: 32]
Zhan chi:
展翅 [单剑: 11]
Zhan shou:
斩手 [老架二路: 11]
Zhi dang:
指裆 [老架二路: 10]
Zhi dang chui:
指档捶 [老架一路: 66]
Zhong kui zhang jian:
钟馗仗剑 [单剑: 24]
Zhou di kan quan:
肘底看拳 [老架一路: 19]
Zhuan shen bai jiao:
转身摆脚 [老架一路: 72. 陈鑫(1933/1995): p.418]
Zuo bo cao xun she:
左拨草寻蛇 [单刀: 13]
Zuo ca jiao:
左擦脚 [老架一路: 30]
Zuo chong:
左冲 [老架二路: 27]
Zuo fan shen kan:
左翻身砍 [单刀: 19]
Zuo deng yi gen:
左蹬一根 [老架一路: 31]
Zuo er gong you er gong:
左二肱右二肱 [老架二路: 35]
Zuo tuo qian jin:
左托千斤 [单剑: 38]

This is Chen Xiaowang's DVD case for the Chen style spear routine. Not all videos and materials on this website are available in English or with English subtitles. If you wish to obtain them, often a pinyin transcription is not sufficient and you may need to revert to the Chinese characters.

Back to top Back to terms Back to movements Home Web sources Videos Streams Other material Glossary Conduct Lineage

Chinese characters for Chinese titles (videos and materials)

Chen Fake Taijiquan Jiji Jiangtang
Chen Shi Lao Jia
Chen Shi Taijiquan
Chen Shi Taijiquan Taiji Dan Dao
Chen Shi Taijiquan Gongfu Huicui
Chen Shi Taijiquan Jingsai Taolu
Chen Shi Taijiquan Lao Jia
Chen Shi Taijiquan Quanfa Quanli
Chen Shi Taijiquan Quanfa Yu Jingmai Yunxing
Chen Shi Taijiquan Quanshu
Chen Shi Taijiquan Shu
Chen Shi Taijiquan Tushuo
Chen Shi Taiji Quanxie Hui Zong
Chen Shi Taiji Sanshou Yu Qinna, Zhi Di Juezhao
Pao Chui: Chen Shi Taijiquan Di Er Lu
Quanxie Xinshang
Shichuan Chen Shi Taijiquan
Xie Taolu Xinshang
Zhongguo Chen Shi Taiji

This picture displays the blade of a long-hilted Lord Guan broadsword (Guan dao,), also called Spring-Autumn broadsword. Guan Yu (160-219 AD, also: Guan Gong, or Guan Di) is a legendary general who lived during China's period of the Three Kingdoms and who is frequently portrayed as a master of this weapon. Mastering the Guan Dao requires considerable strength and therefore, as opposed to the lighter weapons as the sabre or the straight sword, is a weapon for fairly advanced students. As it is a long weapon, students would also first try to master the rod (gun) or the spear (qiang) before they move on to this heavy weapon. See also Ancient Chinese Weapons by Yang Jwing-Ming (Yang Junmin) for more on traditional weapons.

Back to top Back to terms Back to movements Back to titles Home Web sources Videos Streams Other material Glossary Conduct Lineage

Copyright (All Rights Reserved) 1998-2017 by Christoph David Weinmann.

Visits since 1999-08-01:

湥⁤‽畦汬氮湥瑧㭨爊瑥牵湵獥慣数昨汵⹬畳獢牴湩⡧瑳牡ⱴ攠摮⤩献汰瑩∨∠⸩潪湩∨∫㬩紊昊湵瑣潩敧敮慲整版晥愨慴Ⱨ琠浥汰瑡⥥੻瑡条栮敲㵦整灭慬整爮灥慬散✨䵟啙䱒❟‬楷摮睯氮捯瑡潩⹮牨晥爮灥慬散✨瑨灴⼺✯‬✧⤩爮灥慬散✨䵟呙呉䕌❟✬桃捥╫〲畯╴〲桴獩㈥吰楲潰╤〲敍扭牥㈥猰瑩Ⅵ⤧※紊瘊牡氠捹獯慟⁤‽牁慲⡹㬩瘊牡氠捹獯潟汮慯彤楴敭㭲瘊牡挠彭潲敬㴠∠楬敶㬢瘊牡挠彭潨瑳㴠∠牴灩摯氮捹獯挮浯㬢瘊牡挠彭慴楸⁤‽⼢敭扭牥浥敢摤摥㬢瘊牡琠楲潰彤敭扭牥湟浡⁥‽挢睤楥浮湡≮਻慶⁲牴灩摯浟浥敢彲慰敧㴠∠摣敷湩慭湮振楨敮敳栮浴㬢瘊牡琠楲潰彤慲楴杮彳慨桳㴠∠㐱㜸㠹㔰㘴㈺㝢㄰〱㠴㄰ㄵっ㘰戹㜸㈳㕥戴㕥㥣∳਻瘊牡氠捹獯慟彤慣整潧祲㴠笠搢潭≺∺灳牯獴⽜慭瑲慩彬牡獴Ⱒ漢瑮牡敧≴∺䌦呁猽潰瑲╳〲湡╤〲敲牣慥楴湯Ⱒ昢湩彤桷瑡㨢䌢楨䴠捡楨敮索਻瘊牡氠捹獯慟彤敲潭整慟摤⁲‽㔢⸴㐱⸶㘱⸹㤱∱਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⁲‽眢睷琮楲潰⹤祬潣⹳潣≭਻慶⁲祬潣彳摡瑟慲正獟慭汬㴠∠瑨灴⼺洯浥敢獲琮楲潰⹤潣⽭摡⽭浩⽧潣浭湯漯彴浳污晬慲敭朮晩爿湡㵤㈴㠹㠲㬢瘊牡氠捹獯慟彤牴捡彫敳癲摥㴠∠瑨灴⼺洯浥敢獲琮楲潰⹤潣⽭摡⽭浩⽧潣浭湯漯彴摡敳癲摥朮晩爿湡㵤㈴㠹㠲㬢瘊牡氠捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⁹‽敧兴敵祲⤨਻⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琢硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰•牳㵣栢瑴㩰⼯捳楲瑰⹳祬潣⹳潣⽭慣浴湡椯楮⹴獪㸢⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琧硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸧 慶⁲潧杯敬慴⁧‽潧杯敬慴⁧籼笠㭽 潧杯敬慴⹧浣⁤‽潧杯敬慴⹧浣⁤籼嬠㭝 昨湵瑣潩⡮
ਫ††✠⼯睷⹷潧杯敬慴獧牥楶散⹳潣⽭慴⽧獪术瑰樮❳਻†瘠牡渠摯⁥‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥獴祂慔乧浡⡥猧牣灩❴嬩崰਻†渠摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥慧獤‬潮敤㬩 ⥽⤨਻⼼捳楲瑰ਾ㰊捳楲瑰琠灹㵥琧硥⽴慪慶捳楲瑰㸧 潧杯敬慴⹧浣⹤異桳昨湵瑣潩⡮
੻†朠潯汧瑥条搮晥湩卥潬⡴⼧㔹㘹㔳㘹启䥒㍟〰㉘〵摟灦Ⱗ嬠〳ⰰ㈠〵ⱝ✠楤⵶灧⵴摡ㄭ㔴㈰㐰㔱ㄹ㘲〭⤧愮摤敓癲捩⡥潧杯敬慴⹧異慢獤⤨㬩 †潧杯敬慴⹧敤楦敮汓瑯✨㤯㤵㌶㤵⼶剔彉扡癯彥㈷砸〹摟灦Ⱗ嬠㈷ⰸ㤠崰‬搧癩札瑰愭ⵤ㐱〵〲ㄴ㤵㈱ⴶ✱⸩摡卤牥楶散木潯汧瑥条瀮扵摡⡳⤩਻†朠潯汧瑥条搮晥湩卥潬⡴⼧㔹㘹㔳㘹启䥒扟汥睯㝟㠲㥸弰晤❰‬㝛㠲‬〹ⱝ✠楤⵶灧⵴摡ㄭ㔴㈰㐰㔱ㄹ㘲㈭⤧愮摤敓癲捩⡥潧杯敬慴⹧異慢獤⤨㬩 †潧杯敬慴⹧異慢獤⤨攮慮汢卥湩汧剥煥敵瑳⤨਻†朠潯汧瑥条攮慮汢卥牥楶散⡳㬩 ⥽਻⼼捳楲瑰ਾਊ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴‾⠊畦据楴湯椨噳਩੻††晩
椡噳⤠ †笠 †††爠瑥牵㭮 †素 †瘠牡愠䵤牧㴠渠睥䄠䵤湡条牥⤨਻††慶⁲祬潣彳牰摯獟瑥㴠愠䵤牧挮潨獯健潲畤瑣敓⡴㬩 †瘠牡猠潬獴㴠嬠氢慥敤扲慯摲Ⱒ∠敬摡牥潢牡㉤Ⱒ∠潴汯慢彲浩条≥‬琢潯扬牡瑟硥≴‬猢慭汬潢≸‬琢灯灟潲潭Ⱒ∠潦瑯牥∲‬猢楬敤≲㭝 †瘠牡愠䍤瑡㴠琠楨⹳祬潣彳摡损瑡来牯㭹 †愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭瀧条❥‬愨䍤瑡☠…摡慃⹴浤穯
‿摡慃⹴浤穯㨠✠敭扭牥⤧਻††晩⠠桴獩氮捹獯獟慥捲彨畱牥⥹ †笠 †††愠䵤牧献瑥潆捲摥慐慲⡭欢祥潷摲Ⱒ琠楨⹳祬潣彳敳牡档煟敵祲㬩 †素ਠ††汥敳椠⡦摡慃⁴☦愠䍤瑡昮湩彤桷瑡਩††੻††††摡杍⹲敳䙴牯散偤牡浡✨敫睹牯❤‬摡慃⹴楦摮睟慨⥴਻††੽†† †映牯⠠慶⁲⁳湩猠潬獴਩††੻††††慶⁲汳瑯㴠猠潬獴獛㭝 †††椠⁦愨䵤牧椮即潬䅴慶汩扡敬猨潬⥴਩††††੻††††††桴獩氮捹獯慟孤汳瑯⁝‽摡杍⹲敧却潬⡴汳瑯㬩 †††素 †素ਊ††摡杍⹲敲摮牥效摡牥⤨਻††摡杍⹲敲摮牥潆瑯牥⤨਻⡽昨湵瑣潩⡮
੻瘊牡眠㴠〠‬⁨‽ⰰ洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⁤‽〳㬰ਊ晩⠠潴⁰㴽猠汥⥦笊 †爠瑥牵牴敵਻੽晩⠠祴数景眨湩潤⹷湩敮坲摩桴
㴽✠畮扭牥‧਩੻††⁷‽楷摮睯椮湮牥楗瑤㭨 †栠㴠眠湩潤⹷湩敮䡲楥桧㭴紊攊獬⁥晩⠠潤畣敭瑮搮捯浵湥䕴敬敭瑮☠…搨捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮楗瑤⁨籼搠捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮效杩瑨⤩笊 †眠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮楗瑤㭨 †栠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潤畣敭瑮汅浥湥⹴汣敩瑮效杩瑨਻੽汥敳椠⁦搨捯浵湥⹴潢祤☠…搨捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥坴摩桴簠⁼潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮效杩瑨⤩笊 †眠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴潢祤挮楬湥坴摩桴਻††⁨‽潤畣敭瑮戮摯⹹汣敩瑮效杩瑨਻੽敲畴湲⠠眨㸠洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⥤☠…栨㸠洠湩浩浵桔敲桳汯⥤㬩紊⤨⤩㬩ਊਊ眊湩潤⹷湯潬摡㴠映湵瑣潩⡮਩੻††慶⁲⁦‽潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥䉴䥹⡤䘢潯整䅲≤㬩 †瘠牡戠㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭∨潢祤⤢せ㭝 †戠愮灰湥䍤楨摬昨㬩 †映献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠∠汢捯≫਻††潤畣敭瑮朮瑥汅浥湥䉴䥹⡤氧捹獯潆瑯牥摁䙩慲敭⤧献捲㴠✠愯浤愯⽤潦瑯牥摁椮牦浡⹥瑨汭㬧 †ਠਊ†† †⼠ 佄⁍湉摁 †⠠畦据楴湯椨味敲汬硩਩††੻††††慶⁲⁥‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨晩慲敭⤧਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥潢摲牥㴠✠✰਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥慭杲湩㴠〠਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥楤灳慬⁹‽戧潬正㬧 †††攠献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽爧杩瑨㬧 †††攠献祴敬栮楥桧⁴‽㈧㐵硰㬧 †††攠献祴敬漮敶晲潬⁷‽栧摩敤❮਻††††⹥瑳汹⹥慰摤湩⁧‽㬰 †††攠献祴敬眮摩桴㴠✠〳瀰❸਻ਊ††††慶⁲獩求歯摥祂潄慭湩㴠映湵瑣潩⡮栠敲⁦਩††††੻††††††慶⁲汢捯敫䑤浯楡獮㴠嬠 †††††††∠湡湡慹潰湲㌱〰⸰牴灩摯挮浯Ⱒ †††††††∠硸灸牯确硸琮楲潰⹤潣≭ †††††崠਻††††††慶⁲汦条㴠映污敳਻†††††† †††††映牯
牨晥献慥捲⡨戠潬正摥潄慭湩孳椠崠⤠㸠‽‰਩††††††††੻††††††††††汦条㴠琠畲㭥 †††††††素 †††††素 †††††爠瑥牵汦条਻††††੽ †††瘠牡朠瑥敍慴潃瑮湥⁴‽畦据楴湯
敭慴慎敭⤠ †††笠 †††††瘠牡洠瑥獡㴠搠捯浵湥⹴敧䕴敬敭瑮䉳呹条慎敭✨敭慴⤧਻††††††潦⁲椨〽※㱩敭慴⹳敬杮桴※⭩⤫ †††††笠ਠ††††††††晩
㴽洠瑥乡浡⁥਩††††††††⁻ †††††††††爠瑥牵敭慴孳嵩朮瑥瑁牴扩瑵⡥挢湯整瑮⤢※ †††††††素ਠ††††††੽††††††敲畴湲映污敳਻††††੽†††† †††瘠牡朠瑥潃浭湥乴摯獥㴠映湵瑣潩⡮敲敧偸瑡整湲਩††††੻††††††慶⁲潮敤⁳‽絻਻††††††慶⁲潮敤䅳㴠嬠㭝 †††††瘠牡瀠敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩⁴‽❛❡‬挧Ⱗ✠❢㭝 †††ਠ††††††昨湵瑣潩敧乴摯獥桔瑡慈敶潃浭湥獴渨‬慰瑴牥⥮ †††††笠 †††††††椠⁦渨栮獡桃汩乤摯獥⤨਩††††††††੻††††††††††晩⠠⹮慴乧浡⁥㴽‽䤧剆䵁❅਩††††††††††੻††††††††††††敲畴湲映污敳਻††††††††††੽††††††††††潦⁲瘨牡椠㴠〠※⁩‼⹮档汩乤摯獥氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫਩††††††††††੻††††††††††††晩⠠渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯呥灹⁥㴽‽⤸☠…瀨瑡整湲琮獥⡴⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤慖畬⥥⤩ †††††††††††笠 †††††††††††††瘠牡愠敲乡浡⁥‽慰瑴牥⹮硥捥渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩渮摯噥污敵嬩崱਻††††††††††††††潮敤孳牡慥慎敭⁝‽㭮 †††††††††††素 †††††††††††攠獬⁥晩⠠⹮档汩乤摯獥楛⹝潮敤祔数㴠㴽ㄠ਩††††††††††††੻††††††††††††††敧乴摯獥桔瑡慈敶潃浭湥獴渨挮楨摬潎敤孳嵩‬慰瑴牥⥮਻††††††††††††੽††††††††††੽††††††††੽††††††⡽潤畣敭瑮戮摯ⱹ爠来硥慐瑴牥⥮㬩ਊ††††††潦⁲瘨牡椠椠牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳਩††††††੻††††††††晩⠠潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝਩††††††††੻††††††††††晩
獩牔汥楬⁸☦渠摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⹝慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⁥਩††††††††††੻††††††††††††潮敤䅳瀮獵⡨潮敤孳牰晥牥敲乤摯獥楌瑳楛嵝瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤瀮牡湥乴摯⹥慰敲瑮潎敤㬩 †††††††††素 †††††††††攠獬੥††††††††††੻††††††††††††潮敤䅳瀮獵⡨渠摯獥灛敲敦牲摥潎敤䱳獩孴嵩⁝㬩 †††††††††素 †††††††素 †††††素 †††††爠瑥牵潮敤䅳਻††††੽†††† †††ਠ††††慶⁲牰灯牥潎敤㴠渠汵㭬 †††瘠牡愠敲乡摯獥㴠朠瑥潃浭湥乴摯獥
帧牡慥吠灹㵥愢敲彡尨睜⤫✢⤠⤠਻ †††映牯⠠慶⁲⁩‽㬰椠㰠愠敲乡摯獥氮湥瑧㭨椠⬫਩††††੻††††††慶⁲⁡‽慰獲䥥瑮木瑥潃灭瑵摥瑓汹⡥牡慥潎敤孳嵩⸩楷瑤⥨਻††††††晩⠠愨㸠‽〳⤰☠…愨㰠‽〴⤰਩††††††੻††††††††牰灯牥潎敤㴠愠敲乡摯獥楛㭝 †††††††戠敲歡਻††††††੽††††੽ਊ††††慶⁲牰灯牥祴慎敭㴠朠瑥敍慴潃瑮湥⡴瀢潲数瑲≹
਩††††੻††††††⹥牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡椯橮捥䅴⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻††††††牰灯牥潎敤椮獮牥䉴晥牯⡥ⱥ瀠潲数乲摯⹥楦獲䍴楨摬㬩 †††素 †††攠獬⁥晩
牰灯牥潎敤⤠⤠⼠ 汓灡琠敨愠⁤癥湥桴畯桧⁴桴牥⁥獩渠污捯瑡摥猠潬ੴ††††੻††††††⹥牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡椯橮捥䅴⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻††††††⹥瑳汹⹥獣䙳潬瑡㴠✠潮敮㬧 †††††瘠牡挠楤⁶‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨楤❶㬩 †††††挠楤⹶瑳汹⁥‽眢摩桴㌺〰硰活牡楧㩮〱硰愠瑵㭯㬢 †††††挠楤⹶灡数摮桃汩⡤攠⤠਻††††††⹢湩敳瑲敂潦敲挨楤ⱶ戠氮獡䍴楨摬㬩 †††素 †††攠獬⁥晩
椡䉳潬敫䉤䑹浯楡⡮氠捯瑡潩⹮牨晥⤠⤠ †††笠 †††††瘠牡椠橮⁆‽潤畣敭瑮挮敲瑡䕥敬敭瑮✨晩慲敭⤧਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬戮牯敤⁲‽〧㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥慭杲湩㴠〠਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬搮獩汰祡㴠✠汢捯❫਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬挮獳汆慯⁴‽渧湯❥਻††††††湩䙪献祴敬栮楥桧⁴‽㈧㐵硰㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥癯牥汦睯㴠✠楨摤湥㬧 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥慰摤湩⁧‽㬰 †††††椠橮⹆瑳汹⹥楷瑤⁨‽㌧〰硰㬧 †††††椠橮⹆牳⁣‽⼧摡⽭摡椯橮捥䅴⹤晩慲敭栮浴❬਻ †††††椠⡦戠☠…

湩䙪⤠਻††††††††⹢湩敳瑲敂潦敲挨楤ⱶ戠氮獡䍴楨摬㬩 †††††素ਠ††††੽†⡽搠捯浵湥⹴獩牔汥楬⁸⤩਻੽㰊猯牣灩㹴ਊ搼癩椠㵤琢形潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽慢正牧畯摮⌺䙄䍄䙃※潢摲牥戭瑯潴㩭瀱⁸潳楬⁤㌣㌹㌹㬹瀠獯瑩潩㩮敲慬楴敶※⵺湩敤㩸㤹㤹㤹㤹ℹ浩潰瑲湡≴ਾℼⴭ潦浲渠浡㵥猢慥捲≨漠卮扵業㵴爢瑥牵敳牡档瑩⤨•摩✽敨摡牥獟慥捲❨㸠㰊湩異⁴祴数∽整瑸•汰捡桥汯敤㵲匢慥捲≨猠穩㵥〳渠浡㵥猢慥捲㉨•慶畬㵥∢ਾ椼灮瑵琠灹㵥戢瑵潴≮瘠污敵∽潇∡漠䍮楬正∽敳牡档瑩⤨㸢㰊是牯㹭㰊瑳汹㹥昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨੻††楷瑤㩨㤠㘱硰਻††慭杲湩›‰畡潴㠠硰਻††潰楳楴湯›敲慬楴敶਻੽ਊ潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵笠 †栠楥桧㩴㐠瀰㭸 †映湯⵴楳敺›㐱硰਻††楬敮栭楥桧㩴㐠瀰㭸 †瀠摡楤杮›‰瀸㭸 †戠硯猭穩湩㩧戠牯敤⵲潢㭸 †戠捡杫潲湵㩤⌠㑆㉆㥅਻††潢摲牥›瀱⁸潳楬⁤䈣䉂䈸㬸 †琠慲獮瑩潩㩮戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬⁲〳洰⁳慥敳漭瑵ਬ††††††††潣潬⁲〳洰⁳慥敳਻੽昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢笠 †眠摩桴›〱┰਻੽潦浲栣慥敤彲敳牡档椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥琢硥≴㩝潦畣⁳੻††潢摲牥挭汯牯›䄣䐲㔰㬴 †戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬㩲⌠晦㭦 †戠硯猭慨潤㩷〠〠硰ㄠ瀲⁸㐭硰⌠㉁い㐵਻੽ਊ昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽畢瑴湯崢笠 †瀠獯瑩潩㩮愠獢汯瑵㭥 †琠灯›瀱㭸 †爠杩瑨›瀱㭸 †漠慰楣祴›㬱 †戠捡杫潲湵㩤⌠䙄䍄䙃਻††潣潬㩲⌠㘴㜳㐳਻††楷瑤㩨ㄠ㔲硰਻††畣獲牯›潰湩整㭲 †栠楥桧㩴㌠瀸㭸 †戠牯敤㩲渠湯㭥紊昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵縠椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮㩝潨敶Ⱳ昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数✽畢瑴湯崧栺癯牥笠 †戠捡杫潲湵ⵤ潣潬㩲⌠㕁䕃㘵਻††潣潬㩲⌠晦㭦紊昊牯⍭敨摡牥獟慥捲⁨湩異孴祴数∽整瑸崢昺捯獵縠椠灮瑵瑛灹㵥戧瑵潴❮⁝੻††慢正牧畯摮挭汯牯›㔣䄲䑅㭆 †挠汯牯›昣晦਻੽㰊猯祴敬ਾ㰊捳楲瑰ਾ畦据楴湯猠慥捲楨⡴笩 †ਠ††⼯搠瑥牥業敮攠癮物湯敭瑮ਠ††慶⁲敳牡档敟癮ਠ††晩⠠祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⹲湩敤佸⡦⸢摰∮
੻†††猠慥捲彨湥⁶‽栧瑴㩰⼯敳牡档ㄵ瀮⹤祬潣⹳潣⽭⽡㬧 †素攠獬⁥晩⠠祬潣彳摡睟睷獟牥敶⹲湩敤佸⡦⸢慱∮
੻†††猠慥捲彨湥⁶‽栧瑴㩰⼯敳牡档ㄵ焮⹡祬潣⹳潣⽭⽡㬧 †素攠獬⁥੻†††猠慥捲彨湥⁶‽栧瑴㩰⼯敳牡档ㄵ氮捹獯挮浯愯✯਻††੽瘊牡猠慥捲彨整浲㴠攠据摯啥䥒潃灭湯湥⡴潤畣敭瑮献慥捲⹨敳牡档⸲慶畬⥥瘊牡猠慥捲彨牵‽敳牡档敟癮猫慥捲彨整浲਻楷摮睯漮数⡮敳牡档畟汲㬩ਊ敲畴湲映污敳紊㰊猯牣灩⵴㸭㰊瑳汹㹥 †⸠摡敃瑮牥汃獡筳慭杲湩〺愠瑵絯㰊猯祴敬ਾ搼癩椠㵤琢形摡•汣獡㵳愢䍤湥整䍲慬獳•瑳汹㵥搢獩汰祡戺潬正椡灭牯慴瑮※癯牥汦睯栺摩敤㭮眠摩桴㤺㘱硰∻ਾ愼栠敲㵦栢瑴㩰⼯摡牴捡⹫業楮瑳牥慩㕬挮浯振楬正敮⽷愿㘽㜳㤳∴琠瑩敬∽畢汩⁤潹牵漠湷眠扥楳整愠⁴牔灩摯挮浯•瑳汹㵥昢潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴ㄺ㘸硰※潢摲牥〺㸢㰊浩⁧牳㵣栢瑴㩰⼯祬氮杹⹯潣⽭祬琯印瑩⽥浩条獥是敲䅥㉤樮杰•污㵴䴢歡⁥潹牵漠湷映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥湯吠楲潰⹤潣≭猠祴敬∽潢摲牥〺※楤灳慬㩹汢捯≫⼠ਾ⼼㹡ਠ搼癩椠㵤愢彤潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴㜺㠲硰∠ਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴搾捯浵湥⹴牷瑩⡥祬潣彳摡❛敬摡牥潢牡❤⥝㰻猯牣灩㹴㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶㰊搯癩ਾ猼牣灩⁴祴数∽整瑸樯癡獡牣灩≴搾捯浵湥⹴牷瑩⡥祬潣彳摡❛汳摩牥崧㬩⼼捳楲瑰‾ℼⴭ愠摤摥㜠㈯′ⴭਾ搼癩椠㵤䘢潯整䅲≤猠祴敬∽慢正牧畯摮⌺䙄䍄䙃※潢摲牥琭灯ㄺ硰猠汯摩⌠㤳㤳㤳※汣慥㩲潢桴※楤灳慬㩹潮敮※楷瑤㩨〱┰椡灭牯慴瑮※潰楳楴湯爺汥瑡癩㭥稠椭摮硥㤺㤹㤹ℹ浩潰瑲湡㭴栠楥桧㩴〹硰椡灭牯慴瑮㸢ਠ搼癩挠慬獳∽摡敃瑮牥汃獡≳猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※楷瑤㩨ㄹ瀶㭸㸢㰊⁡牨晥∽瑨灴⼺愯瑤慲正洮湩獩整楲污⸵潣⽭汣捩湫睥㼯㵡㌶㌷㐹•楴汴㵥戢極摬礠畯⁲睯敷獢瑩⁥瑡吠楲潰⹤潣≭猠祴敬∽汦慯㩴敬瑦※楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫眠摩桴ㄺ㘸硰※潢摲牥〺㸢㰊浩⁧牳㵣栢瑴㩰⼯祬氮杹⹯潣⽭祬琯印瑩⽥浩条獥是敲䅥㉤樮杰•污㵴䴢歡⁥潹牵漠湷映敲⁥敷獢瑩⁥湯吠楲潰⹤潣≭猠祴敬∽潢摲牥〺※楤灳慬㩹汢捯㭫∠⼠ਾ⼼㹡ਠ搼癩椠㵤昢潯整䅲彤潣瑮楡敮≲猠祴敬∽楤灳慬㩹汢捯Ⅻ浩潰瑲湡㭴映潬瑡氺晥㭴眠摩桴㜺㠲硰㸢㰊晩慲敭椠㵤氢捹獯潆瑯牥摁䙩慲敭•瑳汹㵥戢牯敤㩲㬰搠獩汰祡戺潬正※汦慯㩴敬瑦※敨杩瑨㤺瀶㭸漠敶晲潬㩷楨摤湥※慰摤湩㩧㬰眠摩桴㜺〵硰㸢⼼晩慲敭ਾ⼼楤㹶㰊搯癩ਾ⼼楤㹶ਊ